Radiologist – Everything you need to know about

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Who is a Radiologist?

Radiology is an interesting and exciting medical field that is the study and practice of using medical imaging technology to identify and treat diseases in the patient’s body.

Radiology is divided into two fields:

  • Diagnostic Radiology that uses X-ray images and various imaging techniques for diagnosing the diseasing and injuries of the patients.
  • Interventional Radiology that uses X-Ray, CT scan, Ultrasound, MRI etc for the direction of patient’s treatment. The patients can be treated and diagnosed with minimum invasive procedures.

A Radiologist is a medical doctor who reads and interprets the results of imaging tests like X-Rays or digital images that are captured through different cameras, machines and imaging equipment. They later diagnose the patient and consult with the concerned physician for developing a course of treatment.

"There's Always A Scope Of Improvement"

Required Education and Eligibility

To get enrolled into suitable radiology programs, the aspiring candidates have to complete their 12th in Science stream with a minimum of 50% aggregate.

  • Certified Radiology Programs: Candidates can apply for diploma programs or radiology certificates after the 12th.
  • Undergraduate Radiology Degrees: The candidates have to pursue BPC (Biology, Physics and Chemistry) course in 12th to apply. The admissions in undergraduate courses are done based on qualifying the university-level or state-level entrance exam along with a minimum of 50% in 12th.
  • Postgraduate Radiology Degrees: Admission in this program is done by securing a minimum of 50% in under graduation or diploma courses.

Admission to MD or MS programs requires aspirants to complete their MBBS degree with an internship and qualify for the entrance exam conducted.


Areas of employment for radiologists

Radiologists are in good demand in the following areas of employment.

  • Government and Private Hospitals
  • Medical Laboratories
  • Diagnostic Services
  • Super-Specialty hospitals
  • Nursing Homes

Specializations in Radiology

The following are some of the areas of specializations that are available for radiologists.

  • Breast-imaging specialist
  • Diagnostic radiology
  • Genitourinary radiology
  • Cardiovascular radiologist
  • Emergency radiology
  • Radiation oncology
  • Gastrointestinal radiology
  • Nuclear radiology
  • Neuro-radiology
  • Pediatric radiology

Job Profiles in Radiology

Radiology is one of the few medical diagnostic methods that allow doctors to detection of various diseases in the human body with minimally invasive procedures. So radiologists who are skilled and qualified are in demand in hospitals and diagnostic services.

The following are the available career options for radiologists.

  • Radiology Technician
  • Radiologist
  • MRI Technician
  • Radiology Assistant
  • Radiology Technologist/Radiographer
  • Ultrasound Technician / Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
  • Radiology Nurse
  • CT Tech / CAT Scan Technologist / CT Scan Technologist

Required Skills of a Radiologist

  • Strong Interpersonal skills for interacting with patients by active listening, making the patient comfortable and communicating the results clearly.
  • Good mathematics skills for accurate calculations that are required for mixing of technical substances for patients before starting procedures.
  • Good Physical stamina for moving patients, being able to stand for long shifts and lifting heavy equipments.
  • Detail-oriented as radiology techniques require precise execution of imaging instruments in specific areas of the patient’s body.
  • Be tech-savvy and adapt to the newest equipment and software.
  • A thorough understanding of medical and human anatomy related to human health.
  • Should have excellent vision and good analytic skills.
  • Using a wide range of medical imaging devices and result interpretation.
  • Good teamwork skills required to work with other doctors for supporting of patient’s progress.

Top Colleges offering radiology courses in India

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (AFMC)
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry (JIPMER)
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi


The average salary of radiologists was $63,000 in 2019 according to the BLU. The salaries range from $43,000 to $573,000.

The annual salaries that are paid to radiologists are dependent on several factors like geographic settings, experience level, academic qualifications, specialization area and work location.

The following list gives a rough estimate of the annual salaries of radiologists in India with different academic qualifications.

  • Professionals with radiology certification with an initial salary of INR 1-1.25 LPA.
  • Candidates with B.Sc in Radiology with initial salary INR 2.5- 3.45 LPA.
  • Candidates with PG diploma or MD in radiology- INR 3.45-5.75 LPA.

Career prospects

According to Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLU) the projected job growth rate in health care sector is 14% between 2018 and 2028. Specifically the job growth for radiology technologists is 9%.

Radiology is the perfect field for those wanting exciting career and are ready to be stimulated intellectually and interested to work for patient diagnosing management. It is a rewarding career for aspirants who work hard and adapt to changes.

– Samiya Firdous

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