Today more than 1000 positions are there for scientists every year. The research field signifies you are going to a Ph. D. (Doctor of Philosophy) in that area. Physics and mathematics are the main subjects as they improve student’s skills. Research can be done in any field if you want to go with biology, you can go. Research is in itself a full-time occupation. It is encouraged by the government among students for innovation and to help society. The researcher can go inventing new theories and in any field from manufacturing to pharmaceutical. New subjects like biotechnology attract students in the field. An increasing number of jobs in MNCs like HCL, Microsoft, and IBM are recruiting scientists and investing in the research areas.
Important exams and field options
After completing 12th with science those interested in the research field have the option of a BSc degree or BTech degree. Comprehensive knowledge in the engineering or science field is required and considered an ideal qualification. And then you need to prepare for exams like NET (National Eligibility Test), JEST (Joint Entrance Screening Test), and GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test) for getting admission into research centers. If you are selected in an exam you can take admission in integrated Ph.D. Otherwise, you have the option to do M.Sc. and after completing M.Sc. you can do a Ph.D. Institutes like DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization), ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre), and Jawaharlal Nehru University are attracted by aspirants. Students need only to graduate and can go for particular government and non-government organizations exams. Master’s degree and Ph.D. not required. If you are clear in your 12th to become a Researcher or Scientist in ISRO. You should focus and directly go for the exam.
After the 12th students going for ISRO can give ISRO entrance exams. Students can go for research after graduation and post-graduation. Many ISRO colleges in India give good placement opportunities. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) are some of the ISRO colleges in India.
The first exam is JEE Advanced. Students need clear JEE Mains and score good marks in JEE Advanced. Institutes like IIST (Indian Institute of Space and Technology) takes admission into their college for students who score good marks in JEE Advanced. IT is hard to get Institute, but it benefits student recruitment directly as a researcher or scientist.
Another exam is (KVPY) Kishore Vaigyanilk Protsahan Yojana. KVPY is a national-level fellowship program and funded by the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India. Students, who cleared this exam, become KVPY fellows and receive a monthly scholarship up to Ph.D.
One more exam taken by IISER (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research) is State and Central Board (SCB) Based Aptitude Test. Conducted every year by IISER offers BS-MS degree to students.
A student interested in DRDO needs to qualify GATE. After the written test they need to appear for an interview. After clearing the exams, the candidate becomes eligible for working with DRDO. There are vacancies in disciplines like Electronics and Communication, CSE, physics, textile engineering, mathematics, etc. If you are going after post-graduation you need a minimum of 65% from a recognized university. Then you can apply for the DRDO SET exam.
Research scientists, space scientists, physicists, researchers, and cosmologists all are similar types of occupations. Research scientists work for government laboratories, environmental organizations, and research organizations. Physicists have specialization in physics and can work in private industry, research centers, hospitals, or universities. Researchers who have analysis and design skills can research in fields like applied science, earth, and environmental science, material science, biological sciences, physics, etc. The working area involves government laboratories, specialist organizations, and other organizations. Cosmologists study the entire universe they learn skills to understand the creation, evolution, and possible future of the universe. Work areas include both government and private organizations.
And if as an aspirant you have strong skills of project management, handling the budget, team leading, analytical skills, IT skills, and problem-solving skills. If you have 60% in your academic and your age is under 28 you can become a researcher in ISRO.
There are plenty of options other than ISRO and DRDO for a career path in the field of research and science. If you can’t get any good options and you are passionate about scientific work and want to go into the research field you have other options too. You can start as a researcher outside of academia and look for options there. You can assist people who are already in a research field. You can go for jobs like data scientist, professor, and lab manager and after the experience can go for the research field. Students of biology, microbiology, botany, life science field after completing a BSc can go for a post-diploma course. For example, a clinical research course which is a one-year course and you can go for research after completing this.