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Are you confused about picking a programming language? Yep, I can understand; there are dozens of alternatives. Here we present this article with the most essential programming languages you need to learn to be a prominent software developer. With the growing market of IT hubs, it is essential to keep more than one programming language in your arsenal. But learning a programming language requires lots of time and money. So, you have to choose the correct one. So, let’s get straight into it.


PHP is a popular open-source language that has been around since the early 1990s. Web developers rely on this for developing dynamic and data-heavy apps and websites. You will be amazed to know that 80% of the websites you’re scrolling on different search engines have been built on PHP. A few interesting examples are Facebook, Yahoo and Wikipedia. This simple, platform-independent language has more than 524,000 plush repositories on GitHub. Big industry players like ORACLE, HCL, and MOTOROLA are willing to hire skilled PHP developers at an average salary of $102,000 per annum.

C# (C Sharp)

This is Microsoft developing an object-oriented programming language with widespread libraries. It is well known for developing Xbox reality games and unified 3D games. It also provides Web Applications, Mobile Development, and Cloud-based Services on a large scale. C# also has 20,000 repositories on GitHub along with .net and Xamarin as the framework. The Zealous system, NMG, Intellect Soft, Philips and Capgemini are companies interested in hiring skilled C# developers with an average salary of $78,000 P.A.



R is the language most popularly used in the field of Statistical Analysis and Data Science Engineering. Let me tell you the best part; it can integrate with the primary languages, C and C++. This is one of those very few platform-independent open-source programming languages. R is an elementary and very first language to study. And if you manage to learn this programming language, then you get an offer of an average CTC of over $121,000 from the market leaders like Facebook, Twitter, Google etc.

C and C++

These two most fundamental languages are the stepping stones for a budding programmer. Despite being a 35 year old programming language, it has grasped its roots in the recent programming market with plenty of alternatives. C and C++ make up one-fifth of the whole coding industry. It is a mid-level language as it is associated with low-level programming and the creation of high-level applications. C has a record 9 million + repositories on GitHub, and C++ boasts 114,000+ repositories on the same platform. Almost all of the tech giants consider these two to be compulsory languages for any developer. You can get hired by HP, Huawei, Wipro, IBM, Phonepay, eBay, Cognigent with an average pay scale of $114,000 P.A.


Java Script

If HTML is a noun, then JavaScript is the verb for a web page. JavaScript is an object-oriented coding language that gets compiled by JIT. A JIT is a synthesis of a compiler and an interpreter. JavaScript does have some solid frameworks under its belt. Namely, we have Node JS, React JS, Angular View, Meteor etc. JavaScript brags a community of over 600,000+ on GitHub. Companies are hiring skilled JS developers from Google, Facebook, Dell, SAP, etc.


If you have Java on your resume, you will be able to pursue new opportunities. Java empowers itself with features like strong memory management, backwards compatibility, comprehensive libraries and high performance. This is also called object-oriented programming. Java boasts a massive community following with 1.2 million repositories on GitHub, and as the base of the framework Spring, Struts is used to back it up. Top-notch tech giants like HCL, Wipro and Tech Mahindra are recruiting skilled java developers at an average salary of $112,000 per annum.



Python is a beginner to advanced level programming language that is rising to prominence in the information technology era. This is an object-oriented, open-sourced, interpreted, easy to learn language. Python-based frameworks like Django, Flask and Pyramid make it more convenient and efficient. It consists of a comprehensive set of libraries such as Tensor-flow, Numpy, Pandas, Matplotlib etc. Python is widely used for Web development, Software Development, Artificial Intelligence Development, Machine Learning, Data Science, GUI programming etc. Python boasts a million-plus-follower repository on GitHub. One Python developer can easily earn a minimum of $120,000 per annum.

By – Priyanka Dhillon

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So this is the end of the post Top Coding Languages to Learn in 2021. Hope You Enjoyed it. Here are more Career Related Blog Posts.

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