What is Programming Language
A programming language is a notation designed to connect instructions to a machine or a computer. They are used to control the performance of a machine or to express algorithms. At present, there are many programming languages but here we will discuss the most popular Programming Languages.
C was developed in 1970. It was developed to do system programming for the operating system UNIX. It is an imperative programming language. People can write their programs as a series of step-by-step instructions in this language which is why it is also called procedural language. It is a compiled language whose implementation is compilers which means it generates machine code/ native code for computers. It is a portable language as it is available for many different types of computers. It has very few keywords, and most things are done using libraries (collections of code for them to be reused).
C++ was developed in 1979. Originally C++ was called C with classes and later in 1983, it was renamed C++. It is regarded as a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features. C++ is a general-purpose language. Its widely acknowledged nickname is “Swiss Pocket Knife of Languages”. It is lightweight, compiled, and can be used for a wide range of platforms.
Java was released in 1995. It is a High Level, class-based, object-oriented programming language. Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without recompilation. Java applications are generally compiled to bytecode that may run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying pc design. The Java runtime provides dynamic capabilities which are not available in a traditional compiled language.
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Python was developed in 1991. It is an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. It aims to help programmers write clear, logical code for small and large-scale projects. It is used for web development (server-side), software development, mathematics, and system scripting. It was designed for readability and has some similarities to the English language with influence from mathematics. It supports multiple programming paradigms such as structured (particularly, procedural), object-oriented and functional programming.
Ruby was released in 1995. It is an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. The creator of this language blended parts of languages- Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp, to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming. It allows its users to freely alter its parts. Essential parts of Ruby can be removed or redefined, at will. It is also dynamically typed and uses garbage collection. It is a support for Unicode and multiple character encodings.
Kotlin was developed in 2011. Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference. Kotlin is the most widely used on Android, with Google estimating that 70% of the top 1000 apps on the Play Store are written in Kotlin. Kotlin does not restrict static methods and variables to exist only within a class body. It allows a user to add functions to any class without the formalities of creating a derived class with new functions. It also adds the concept of an extension function which allows a function to be “glued” onto the public function list of any class without being formally placed inside of the class.
Swift Programming language was developed in 2014. It is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language. Swift works with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and was developed as a replacement for Apple’s earlier programming language Objective-C. It can resolve some common programming errors like null pointer dereferencing and provides syntactic sugar to help avoid the pyramid of doom. Swift code is compiled and optimized to get the most out of modern hardware.