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The two of the titles sound similar also they are both trained to treat people and diagnose people with mental health conditions. But psychiatrists and psychologists are not the same, each of the professionals has a different background in education and role in treatment and training.

Psychologists are people who have advanced degrees like Ph.D. or PsyD. Mainly they talk about therapy to deal with mental health conditions of people. They also act like Consultants with other Healthcare providers for study therapy for the entire programs for treatment. Psychiatrists are people who have a medical degree with an advanced qualification from residency and a specialty in psychiatry. They are the people who talk about therapy are the treatments to treat people who have mental health conditions and helping them with medications. Both types of providers should have a license in their particular area to practice the psychiatrist is also licensed as a medical doctor.

Differences Between A Psychiatrist And Psychologist 1 Psychiatry Is A Branch Of Medicine While Psychology Is The Study Of Human Behaviour


Psychologists and psychiatrists at different people and use different tools to treat the mental health conditions of people. Also, they work in different environments like- Psychiatrists can work in settings like hospitals, nursing house presence, rehabilitation programs, University medical centers, private practices, and so on. They can also treat people with mental conditions which require medications like bipolar disorder, major depression and anxiety disorder, ADHD, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychiatrists use methods like psychometric tests, Lab tests to rule out physical causes of the symptoms, and one on evaluations to tigers the mental health conditions of people.

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Medications prescribed by a psychiatrist

These are the medications that are commonly advised by the psychiatrist, stimulants, mood stabilizers, antidepressants, antipsychotic medications, sedatives, etc. After the prescription of medication psychiatrist will closely monitor the signs of improvement and the side effects if there are any. They can also change the dosage and the type of medications according to the need of the patient. They can also prescribe therapies like light therapy, Which involves the usage of artificial lights to treat depression and other few things. Electroconvulsive therapy which involves electrical currents given to the brain is reserved for severe depression that doesn’t respond to any other treatment and medications.

Psychiatrist Psychologist


Their similarly open people have mental health conditions they have to diagnose these conditions: the surveys, observation, and interviews. However, having additional qualifications as a psychologist he can prescribe medication in five stages- Idaho, Iowa, Illinois, Louisiana, New Mexico. Psychologists can also prescribe medication if they are working in the Indian health service military or Guam. Psychologists can also work in the same settings as a psychiatrist which include – nursing homes, hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, prisons, rehabilitation programs, etc.


They commonly work with talk therapy which and was sitting with perfect and talking about the issues and problems over a series of sessions with him. He will go with someone to help these people to understand their symptoms and learn how to manage them. Behavior therapy like cognitive therapy is the type of talk therapy that psychologists prefer frequently. It is an approach that focuses on helping people to overcome their negative thoughts and the patterns of thinking they are going through.

psychology career clinical

Difference between the education of both

If we talk about the difference in practice, psychologists and psychiatrists have different educational backgrounds and requirements of training. Psychiatrists have two degrees which are – doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) and doctor of medicine (MD). They also get speciality training in forensic psychiatry, sleep medicine, addiction medicine, pain medicine, children and adults psychiatry, and many more. If we talk about psychologists, they have degrees like- doctor of psychology (PsyD) and doctor of philosophy (PhD). Like psychiatrists, psychologists can also have training specialities in areas like forensic psychology, child and adolescent psychology, clinical psychology, neuropsychology, psychoanalysis, and many more.

Which one to choose

Choosing a psychiatrist is a better choice because a person who has more Complex mental health issues will require medications like bipolar disorder, severe depression, and Schizophrenia. A person is going through a difficult time and wants to walk on understanding and negative thoughts behavior then a psychologist may be a better option. For parents who are looking into the treatment of their children. Taking help of a psychologist, who will be able to provide them with different types of therapy options namely play therapy for the children. Psychiatrists make a better choice if it is more complex and the child has a mental issue that requires medication.

By: Varsha Yadav

Also Read: Psychologist VS Psychiatrist – What’s The Difference

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