Difference Between Cytogenetics and Molecular Diagnostic

Hi ! I would like to know the difference between cytogenetics and Molecular Diagnostics in terms of the course and work , it's scope in the medical field and the salary.. I would also like to know which one is more over the other. Thank You For your Time Awaiting your Reply !

by sheikhafun
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3 answers

RE: Difference Between Cytogenetics and Molecular Diagnostic

Ajit sankar  Mallik
Ajit sankar Mallik
Verified Career Expert
MD PhD,(CABMM) and University Hospital Zurich
  • Zurich

If you could dissect out the words:
Cyto (cell) + Genetcis = Cyto-genetics
This indicates you go down into the cell and work with the major intracellular components for example DNA, Chromosome.
In Molecular diagnostic is a broad term and it includes various diagnostic approaches at molecular level (detecting hormones, proteins, blood parameters etc.)
Even if it looks, both stream may differ, they are pretty much over lapping when it comes to course, syllabi and techniques.
You need to have a thorough back ground and training in molecular biology, pathology, cell biology, genetics.

Coming to the scope, I'd say sky is the limit. You could work in both academia and industry. But the specialized training process can help you better to decide where do you wish to work. Lots os molecular biologist, doctors, pathologists work on these intersecting domain.

If you ask for salary, I'd suggest it's fairly rewarding and you earn pretty decent in all these highly specialized domains.

If you ask me which one is better than the other, in a lighter way, can you say which ministry is important, Home Ministry or Defence Ministry? I'd say both are strongly linked and both needs hard work to reach an expert stage.


RE: Difference Between Cytogenetics and Molecular Diagnostic

Meghna Mukherjee
Meghna Mukherjee
Verified Career Expert
Counselor at Adaptive Minds
  • Mumbai

Hi There,

There is a thin line of difference between the two fields.
Both are the diagnostic tools to detect abnormalities.

Both study chromosomal defects as well as gene mutations.

But the difference lies in the Research area.

In cytogenetics, the reason to study the genetic combination is to reinvent measures to help prevent disorders in future, whereas in Molecular diagnostics, its mainly to detect a factor in the chromosome that leads to a disorder.

Both are laboratory work.

Its for you to decide whether you wish to pursue cytogenetics or molecular diagnostics.
Since a B.Sc in genetics can opt for both the courses.

Hope this helps.

Wish you good luck.........

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