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Nursing is a profession in which unconditional love and care is required to serve the patients, society and the nation. This is because; nursing is always appreciated as a noble profession. It is necessary to encourage nursing students to come forward and maintain the holistic standards of this profession. One should inculcate the sense of maturity, empathy, devotion, dedication, commitments, courage and medical knowledge for pursuing this field. The government has become a great help for the economically backward aspiring students by giving scholarships for the student’s education and by providing incentives to the nursing staff.
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Government schemes for nursing:
The government of India implements various schemes under strengthening and up-gradation of the Nursing Profession (Human Resource for Health). The Government approved 132 ANM (Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery) and 137 GNM (General Nursing & Midwifery) schools under this scheme during 11thplan. It was proposed to establish these schools in 276 districts in 29 states, where there are no nursing schools exist so far. The aim of this scheme is to strengthen nursing education, to bridge the gap of illiteracy and unemployment and to distribute nurses all over the country in a proportionate manner. The total cost of the scheme per unit for locating ANM schools at the rate of Rs. 5 crores and GNM schools at the rate of Rs. 10 crores. This amount of cost funds 85% by the center and 15% by the state. This scheme includes civil work, lab equipment, teaching aids and library, desktops, furniture, rent, transport, staff salary and contingencies. Along with this, 40 seats for ANM and 60 seats for GNM will be raised every year. Under 11th plan, the government introduces various sub-components for the development of nursing services.
These are as follows:
For Training of nursing students: To provide knowledge and development in skills of nursing students, the government started “Continuing Nursing Education Program”. This 7-day program conducted for nursing staff includes educational technology for teachers in schools and colleges. It also provides management techniques for nurses related to administrative work. Under 11th plan, 30 candidates will be selected under this scheme. 75,000/- fund provided by the government to provide assistance in training. 149 courses have been conducted to train 4470 nursing personnel in various fields so far.
For strengthening of nursing schools and colleges: To improve the quality of training, Government funds 25 lakhs per institution during 11th plan period. This is a onetime assistance for various schools and colleges for procurement of AV Aids, library and lab equipments, additions and alteration of college or hostel buildings. About 125 institutions have taken benefits under this scheme.
Upgradation of schools into medical colleges: As per National Health Policy, there are funds to provide training for nurses at the graduate level. Under the Development of Nursing Services, Government provides Rs. 6 crores during 11th plan for one-time assistance to the institutes. This 100% share is provided by the central government, which is given to the state government for up-gradation of schools into colleges. This funding is meant for civil work, furniture and audio-visual aids. Under 11th plan, the government also provides Rs. 3 crore each as non-recurring expenditure for upgrading the various central government schools of Nursing at LHMC, SJH and Dr. RML Hospital.
The government of India also funds for the establishment of College of nursing at JIPMER, Pondicherry. RAK College of nursing (affiliated to Delhi University) also gets funding from government for it as a center of excellence, to provide basic higher education to nursing students. It helps to strengthen the institute to develop super specialties in the medical profession. This institute also helps in the development of human health resources at undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate and doctoral levels. The government puts all his efforts to provide quality education in specialized courses such as cardiac nursing, neurosurgery, Psychiatry, HIV/AIDS care and professional education programs and research.
Scholarship for merit students: The Government offers a scholarship program for highest recognition for the meritorious nursing students. The National Florance Nightingale Award is also given to the students for encouraging Nursing personnel. Along with the award a citation medal and cash of Rs. 50,000 (fifty thousand) is given to the students.
The estimated effects of the government incentive:
The research highlights the presence of two categories of economic support provided by the government. First, financial incentives which include monetary payment such as salary, bonus, and fee and the other is rewards which include concessions and privileges for an employer. But there is no direct monetary payment is given to nurses. Analysis of data provides information that the government should introduce some specific reward strategies to motivate a community of nurses in the future.
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