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A geologist is a person who who studies the earth's composition, different kinds of rock formation sect. They play a crucial role in exploring and discovering natural resources and minerals. Their job also involves observing natural calamities and their various effects on the environment and to explore mineral, oil and natural gas fields and underwater resources. Geologists are involved in exploring deep sea natural resources. They analyse the quality of soil by conducting Geo physical and chemical test. Based on their analysis and report submission , decisions related to construction of roads, reservoirs, underground tunnels and bridges are taken.. Geologists play a vital role in preservation and cleaning up of the environment. They advise government and construction companies on construction sites, highway planning etc. There are various specializations in this field. One can work as hydro geologists, petroleum geologists, economics geologists, environmental geologist, mining geologist paleontologist, marine geologist etc. Mining companies, oil and gas exploration companies , consulting companies, civil engineering firms, government institutes such as the council for Geo science , department of water affairs, oil and natural gas exploration corporation , municipal agencies etc are some of the major employers in this field. After 12th with science a student can do an undergraduate course in Geology.
Someone who's interested and concerned with Earth's natural resources may want to look into a career as a geologist. Geologists study the Earth to gain an understanding of how it was formed and the structural changes currently happening.
Bachelor degrees in the discipline are common, but master's and doctorate degrees are also available. Though some private companies only require a bachelor's degree, more specialized positions usually require a master's or doctorate degree.
Bachelor's Degree Program in Geology
Students preparing for a career as a geologist may enroll in a bachelor's degree program in geology, earth sciences or a related scientific field. These programs generally begin with fundamental courses in science and mathematics. Courses may then progress to specific topics in science including geology, mineralogy, thermal physics and petrology. Programs typically include laboratory courses that may introduce students to using scientific tools, like microscopes, to analyze rocks, sediments and fossils.
Graduate programs cover concepts in plate tectonics, petrogenesis and other advanced geological topics. These programs often include field study and research projects in geophysics, soil physics or geochemistry. Students at this level may also chose to specialize in specific areas like environmental geology. Special topics may include measuring the effects of gravity on soil or analyzing soil sediments to ascertain information about a particular area of geological history.
For admission to B.Sc General or honour's, 10+2 with Science either in non-medical or medical subjects with at least 50% marks is required. For master degree, a bachelor degree with Geology as one of the subject is r equired with minimum 50% marks and for Ph.D. there is requirement of at least 55% marks in master degree. However, the rules for admission to bachelor, masters and research degree vary from university to university/institutes.
The Union Public Service Commission holds tests for employment of Geologists in Central Government Agencies. They can get good jobs in the Central Ground Water Board and the Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc and many other organizations which offer excellent job opportunities for the Geologists. The Defence and Para-military forces also utilize the services of Geologists.
Visit this link which contains the list of Geology Jobs (You will get a fair understanding on the Job Prospectus/Requirements): Explore Opportunities
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