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What are the key areas on which every Physicist works most of the times?

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RE: What are the key areas on which every Physicist works most of the times?

Preeti Taneja
Preeti Taneja
Verified Career Expert
Head Guidance & Counselling at Project Wisdom, CSR initiative of Canam Consultants Limited, Chandigarh
  • Chandigarh

Physicists conduct research to understand the nature of the universe and everything in it. These scientists observe, measure, interpret, and develop theories to explain celestial and physical phenomena using mathematics. From the vastness of space to the infinitesimal scale of subatomic particles, they study the fundamental properties of the natural world and apply the knowledge gained to design new technologies.

Physicists explore and identify basic principles and laws governing the motion, energy, structure, and interactions of matter. Some physicists study theoretical areas, such as the nature of time and the origin of the universe; others apply their knowledge of physics to practical areas, such as the development of advanced materials, electronic and optical devices, and medical equipment.

Physicists design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment such as lasers, particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and mass spectrometers. On the basis of their observations and analysis, they attempt to discover and explain laws describing the forces of nature, such as gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. Experiments also help physicists find ways to apply physical laws and theories to problems in nuclear energy, electronics, optics, materials, communications, aerospace technology, and medical instrumentation.



Most physicists work in research and development. Some conduct basic research with the sole aim of increasing scientific knowledge. Others conduct applied research and development, which builds upon the discoveries made through basic research to develop practical applications of this knowledge, such as new devices, products, and processes. For example, knowledge gained through basic research in solid-state physics led to the development of transistors and, then, integrated circuits used in computers.

Physicists also design research equipment, which often has additional unanticipated uses. For example, lasers are used in surgery, microwave devices function in ovens, and measuring instruments can analyze blood or the chemical content of foods. A small number of physicists work in inspection, testing, quality control, and other production-related jobs in industry.

Much physics research is done in small or medium-sized laboratories. However, experiments in plasma, nuclear, and high-energy physics, as well as in some other areas of physics, require extremely large and expensive equipment, such as particle accelerators and nuclear reactors. Physicists in these subfields often work in large teams. Although physics research may require extensive experimentation in laboratories, research physicists still spend much time in offices planning, recording, analyzing, and reporting on research.

RE: What are the key areas on which every Physicist works most of the times?

Deepak Rana
Deepak Rana
Verified Career Expert
Author: Sky Beyond the Clouds
  • Kangra

Below is the list of the key areas on which the physicists work most of the times:


1. The physicists have to conduct the research in their labs. This is the main part of their work. They have to develop new theories after understanding the old theories and working on them. The research work is often theoretical and involves number of observations and theories to explain the thesis.

2. The theoretical physicists often work in the universities and the research centres where they work towards the theoretical models. They often work with mathematical software and prove their theories with the help of certain data and the samples.

3. The physicists who are more close to the practical things work with the industrial organizations and help them develop new products which involve primciples of physics. A number of products are being made in the field of electronics and other engineering branches that use physics phenomenon and therefore they require the intervention of the physicists in their projects.

4. The physicists have to attend a number of symosiums and other conferences where they meet other physicists from time to time. These events are nice opportunities for them to grow their network and learn from the work of other physicists.

5. They have to write research papers as well. This is an important part of their work ans their profile is usually seen with their contribution towards the research and innovations and what publications they have done so far.

6. The physicists who are working with the universities and other educational institutions spend a lot of their time in teaching and thus sharing their knowledge with the young students of the college or university. They often enjoy this work as it takes them out of their usual lab research work and gives them the opportunity to interact with the young minds and also learn from them.

Therefore the physicists have to work in a number of areas and there are plenty of opportunities for them to grow and explore this vast field.

RE: What are the key areas on which every Physicist works most of the times?

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