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Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that incorporates the utilization of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and numerous fields requiring bioproducts. It also includes a major part of genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. This might involve the cultivation of plants and improvements through breeding, domestication of animals, hybridization and artificial selection.
This branch of science includes not only biology but also subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics, engineering and more. Its application varies in enterprises for example food, medicine, chemical, textiles, nutrition, pharmaceuticals, bio-products, environmental conservation and animal sciences. Biotechnology integrates branches like biochemistry, genetics, embryology and cell biology, molecular biology, which are in turn linked to practical specialities like chemical engineering, information technology, and robotics.
Those who have the capability of numeracy skills, communication, practical skills, presentation and IT skills, self-management, interpersonal and teamwork skills, and professional development skills are the good suit for it. Candidates who can understand complex biological processes, have a full and critical understanding of relevant texts, assembling arguments and engaging in debate, critical and analytical skills and independent thinking and problem-solving also are able for it.
Biotechnology engineering students usually begin their respective careers in technical roles in the biotechnology enterprises and progress rapidly to managerial positions. Biotechnologists work extensively in the production departments of such industries. Production jobs give preference to Biotechnology candidates from the engineering discipline
These postgraduate candidates are hired in capacities such as Biotechnology patent analyst, Research associate, Biotechnology expert, the Biotechnology executive, Maintenance engineer, Laboratory Assistant, Professor, etc. The average salary for a fresh graduate holder in this field is in between INR 2 to 12 Lacs in a year. The salary of the candidate can be increased based on his performance and skills.
|Duration of the Course||4 years|
|Examination Type||Semester and Annual|
|Eligibility||10+2 with maths, biology, and chemistry|
|Admission Process||Entrance exam and Merit-Based|
|Average Course Fee||INR 10,000 to 10 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 to 12 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Hindustan Antibiotics, Tata Engineering Research Institute, Thapar Group, India Vaccines Corporation, Hindustan Lever Ltd, Indo-American Hybrid seeds, Biocon India Ltd, IDPL, NCL etc.|
|Top Job Areas||Central Aromatic Plants Institute, National Botanical Institute Colleges & Universities, Tata Energy Research Institute, Cellular and Molecular Biology Centres, National Chemical Laboratory, etc.|
|Top Job Positions||Research associate, Biotechnology expert, Professor, Associate Professor, Biotechnology patent analyst, a Biotechnology executive, Maintenance engineer, Laboratory Assistant, etc.|
For seeking admission to B.E. Biotechnology, the applicants should have passed the Higher Secondary Examination (10+2) in the Science stream with subjects like maths, biology, and chemistry. In the case of IIT candidates, it is compulsory to qualify in the (JEE) Joint Entrance Examinations.
Through entrance exams candidates can get admission to B.E. Biotechnology course. The entrance exams are conducted at various levels such as the state level, national level, and University level.
For seeking admission to B.Tech or B.E. programs, candidates should apply for a national level entrance exam i.e. JEE Mains which is conducted through CBSE. Admission into IITs and NITs is done through JEE Advanced which is the 2nd level after JEE Main.
|NAME OF INSTITUTE||CITY||AVERAGE ANNUAL FEES|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Madras||Madras||INR 82,400|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee||Roorkee||INR 1,57,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati||Guwahati||INR 2,05,000|
|Delhi Technological University||New Delhi||INR 1,61,000|
|National Institute of Technology, Warangal||Warangal||INR 78,500|
|Vellore Institute of Technology||Vellore||INR 1,66,000|
|National Institute of Technology, Rourkela||Rourkela||INR 91,800|
|Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology||Allahabad||INR 80,300|
|Osmania University||Hyderabad||INR 11,900|
|PES University||Bangalore||INR 3,20,000|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University||Coimbatore||INR 1,17,000|
|Banasthali University||Jaipur||INR 1,18,000|
Following is a list of some of the exams conducted by the top colleges to provide admission for B.E. Biotechnology
There are many opportunities to get the most paid and renowned employment in the field of biotechnology in India as well as many countries abroad.
Biotechnology is one of the most emerging, developing and flourishing field. The demand for biotechnical professionals is growing every passing day. This field is a combination of various specializations. Candidates who are specializing in this biotechnology can get job opportunities in the private sector as well as the government sectors.
The biotechnology industry provides ever-growing offers for biotech graduates for designing, developing and operating the processes for manufacturing of various high-rated biotechnology products. These products involve biopharmaceuticals, vaccines, and diagnostic proteins used in animal and human healthcare; enzymes for utilization in foods, fine chemicals, detergents and healthcare, for example, and industrial chemicals, colourants and flavours; biofuels, and bio-plastics such as ethanol.
Biotechnology engineers also find employment in the environmental sector for bio-treatment and bioremediation of different types of wastes. Also, many biotechnology graduates serve in the traditional bio-industry for example paper and pulp, food processing and meat, winemaking and leather processing, etc.