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Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that incorporates the utilization of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and numerous fields requiring bioproducts.  It also includes a major part of genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. This might involve the cultivation of plants and improvements through breeding, domestication of animals,  hybridization and artificial selection.

What is Biotechnology?

This branch of science includes not only biology but also subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics, engineering and more. Its application varies in enterprises for example food,  medicine, chemical, textiles, nutrition, pharmaceuticals, bio-products, environmental conservation and animal sciences. Biotechnology integrates branches like biochemistry, genetics, embryology and cell biology, molecular biology, which are in turn linked to practical specialities like chemical engineering, information technology, and robotics.

What does the medical device/biotechnology auditor look for and why? –  Compliance4all

Those who have the capability of numeracy skills, communication, practical skills, presentation and IT skills, self-management, interpersonal and teamwork skills, and professional development skills are the good suit for it. Candidates who can understand complex biological processes, have a full and critical understanding of relevant texts, assembling arguments and engaging in debate, critical and analytical skills and independent thinking and problem-solving also are able for it.

Biotechnology engineering students usually begin their respective careers in technical roles in the biotechnology enterprises and progress rapidly to managerial positions. Biotechnologists work extensively in the production departments of such industries. Production jobs give preference to Biotechnology candidates from the engineering discipline 

These postgraduate candidates are hired in capacities such as Biotechnology patent analyst, Research associate, Biotechnology expert, the Biotechnology executive, Maintenance engineer, Laboratory Assistant, Professor, etc. The average salary for a fresh graduate holder in this field is in between INR 2 to 12 Lacs in a year. The salary of the candidate can be increased based on his performance and skills.

B.E. Biotechnology: Course Highlights

Course LevelGraduate
Duration of the Course4 years
Examination TypeSemester and Annual
Eligibility10+2 with maths, biology, and chemistry
Admission ProcessEntrance exam and Merit-Based
Average Course FeeINR 10,000 to 10 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 2 to 12 Lacs
Top Recruiting Companies Hindustan Antibiotics, Tata Engineering Research Institute, Thapar Group, India Vaccines Corporation, Hindustan Lever Ltd, Indo-American Hybrid seeds, Biocon India Ltd, IDPL, NCL etc.
Top Job AreasCentral Aromatic Plants Institute, National Botanical Institute Colleges & Universities, Tata Energy Research Institute, Cellular and Molecular Biology Centres, National Chemical Laboratory, etc.
Top Job PositionsResearch associate, Biotechnology expert, Professor, Associate Professor,  Biotechnology patent analyst, a Biotechnology executive, Maintenance engineer, Laboratory Assistant, etc.

B.E. Biotechnology: Eligibility


For seeking admission to B.E. Biotechnology, the applicants should have passed the Higher Secondary Examination (10+2) in the Science stream with subjects like maths, biology, and chemistry. In the case of IIT candidates, it is compulsory to qualify in the (JEE) Joint Entrance Examinations. 

B.E. Biotechnology: Admission Process

Why is Scope of Biotechnology in India Soaring? - Sharda University Blog

Through entrance exams candidates can get admission to B.E. Biotechnology course. The entrance exams are conducted at various levels such as the state level, national level, and University level.

For seeking admission to B.Tech or B.E. programs, candidates should apply for a national level entrance exam i.e. JEE Mains which is conducted through CBSE. Admission into IITs and NITs is done through JEE Advanced which is the 2nd level after JEE Main. 

B.E. Biotechnology: Top Institutes



Indian Institute of Technology, MadrasMadrasINR 82,400
Indian Institute of Technology, RoorkeeRoorkeeINR 1,57,000
Indian Institute of Technology, GuwahatiGuwahatiINR 2,05,000
Delhi Technological UniversityNew DelhiINR 1,61,000
National Institute of Technology, WarangalWarangalINR 78,500
Vellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreINR 1,66,000
National Institute of Technology, RourkelaRourkelaINR 91,800
Motilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadINR 80,300
Osmania UniversityHyderabadINR 11,900
PES UniversityBangaloreINR 3,20,000
Tamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreINR 1,17,000
Banasthali UniversityJaipurINR 1,18,000

Following is a list of some of the exams conducted by the top colleges to provide admission for B.E. Biotechnology

  • All India Engineering Entrance Exams
  • BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test) 
  • Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examinations (IIT JEE)
  • Delhi Technological University Entrance Examination (DTUEE)

B.E. Biotechnology: Career Prospects

Biotechnology 12th Syllabus

There are many opportunities to get the most paid and renowned employment in the field of biotechnology in India as well as many countries abroad.

Biotechnology is one of the most emerging, developing and flourishing field. The demand for biotechnical professionals is growing every passing day. This field is a combination of various specializations. Candidates who are specializing in this biotechnology can get job opportunities in the private sector as well as the government sectors.

The biotechnology industry provides ever-growing offers for biotech graduates for designing, developing and operating the processes for manufacturing of various high-rated biotechnology products. These products involve biopharmaceuticals, vaccines, and diagnostic proteins used in animal and human healthcare; enzymes for utilization in foods, fine chemicals, detergents and healthcare, for example, and industrial chemicals, colourants and flavours; biofuels, and bio-plastics such as ethanol.

Biotechnology engineers also find employment in the environmental sector for bio-treatment and bioremediation of different types of wastes. Also, many biotechnology graduates serve in the traditional bio-industry for example paper and pulp, food processing and meat, winemaking and leather processing, etc.

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