Class 12 Math’s Syllabus

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Class 12 Mathematics is a crucial subject in the senior secondary education system. It builds upon the concepts introduced in Class 11 and further equips students with the mathematical skills required for various academic and professional pursuits.

A strong foundation in Class 12 Mathematics is essential for students interested in pursuing higher education in fields such as engineering, science, and commerce.

Class 12 Math’s Syllabus

Class 12 Mathematics Curriculum

The Class 12 Mathematics syllabus is divided into several units, each covering a specific set of mathematical concepts and skills. The core units include:

  • Unit 1: Relations and Functions
  • Unit 2: Algebra
  • Unit 3: Calculus
  • Unit 4: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry
  • Unit 5: Linear Programming
  • Unit 6: Probability

Additionally, there are two optional units:

  • Unit 7: Mathematical Reasoning
  • Unit 8: Statistics

The curriculum is designed to provide a well-rounded mathematical education, covering a wide range of topics.

Relations and Functions

Core Topics in Unit 1:

  • Types of Relations
  • Types of Functions
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions

The first unit, “Relations and Functions,” introduces students to the concepts of relations and functions. Students learn about different types of relations, functions, and the inverse trigonometric functions. This unit provides a foundation for understanding the role of relations and functions in mathematics.


Core Topics in Unit 2:

  • Matrices
  • Determinants
  • Adjoint and Inverse of a Matrix

The Algebra unit delves into the study of matrices and determinants. Students learn about matrix operations, properties of determinants, and how to find the adjoint and inverse of a matrix. This unit has applications in various fields, including linear algebra and physics.


Core Topics in Unit 3:

  • Continuity
  • Differentiability
  • Applications of Derivatives
  • Integrals
  • Applications of Integrals
  • Differential Equations

The Calculus unit is a fundamental part of mathematics and covers a wide range of topics. Students explore the concepts of continuity and differentiability, the applications of derivatives, integration, applications of integrals, and differential equations. Calculus is a critical component of mathematics and has applications in various fields, including physics, engineering, and economics.

Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

  • Vector Algebra
  • Scalar and Vector Products
  • Lines and Planes in Space

The Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry unit introduces students to vector algebra, scalar and vector products, and the representation of lines and planes in three-dimensional space. These concepts are important in geometry, physics, and engineering.

Linear Programming

  • Linear Programming Problem and its Mathematical Formulation
  • The Graphical Method of Solution of Linear Programming Problems

The Linear Programming unit focuses on linear programming problems and their mathematical formulation. Students learn how to solve these problems using the graphical method. Linear programming has applications in optimization and decision-making processes in business and economics.

Optional Units

In addition to the core units, there are two optional units that students can choose from:

  • Unit 7: Mathematical Reasoning: This unit focuses on mathematical reasoning and includes topics related to statements, logical operations, and mathematical arguments.

  • Unit 8: Statistics: The Statistics unit covers statistical concepts such as measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, and correlation.

Students can select one of these optional units based on their interests and academic goals.

Tips for Effective Class 12 Mathematics Exam Preparation

Preparing for the Class 12 Mathematics examination requires a systematic approach. Here are some practical tips to help students prepare effectively:

  • Understand the Syllabus: Thoroughly review the syllabus to understand the topics and their weightage in the exam.

  • Practice Regularly: Practice mathematical problems regularly to build problem-solving skills.

  • Use Quality Study Materials: Utilize recommended textbooks and study materials to gain a deeper understanding of concepts.

  • Seek Help When Needed: If you encounter challenges with specific topics, seek help from teachers, tutors, or online resources.

  • Time Management: Create a study schedule and allocate sufficient time to each unit and topic. Prioritize areas where you need improvement.

  • Solve Previous Years’ Papers: Practice with previous years’ question papers to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and question types.

  • Stay Consistent: Consistent study and practice are key to mastering mathematical concepts.

  • Maintain Clarity: Ensure that you understand the concepts clearly, as mathematics builds on a strong foundation of understanding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Class 12 Mathematics is crucial as it forms the foundation for various higher education and career paths. It provides essential mathematical knowledge required for fields like engineering, science, commerce, and more.

The core units in the Class 12 Mathematics syllabus include Relations and Functions, Algebra, Calculus, Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry, Linear Programming, and Probability.

Yes, there are two optional units in the Class 12 Mathematics syllabus: Mathematical Reasoning and Statistics. Students can choose one of these units based on their interests and academic goals.

The Relations and Functions unit covers topics like types of relations, types of functions, and inverse trigonometric functions.

The Algebra unit includes topics such as matrices, determinants, and the adjoint and inverse of a matrix.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.

Lovely Professional University


Request a Call Back

Request a Call Back