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Petroleum is the boon of the 21st century that is widely used as the source of energy. A career in the petroleum industry is attractive as well as challenging.

This field not only has good career opportunities but also excellent for individuals who want to safeguard the environment for future generations.

Who are Petroleum Engineers?

Petroleum Engineering is the engineering field that studies the production of hydrocarbons like crude oils and natural gas.

This engineering field requires the knowledge of other disciplines like geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation, drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, etc.

They are responsible for designing and developing methods for the extraction of oils and gases deposited below the earth’s surface. Their duty is to look for different ways and exploration of new methods, techniques to extract natural gas and crude oils.

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Responsibilities

  • Usually work with geologists.
  • Predict the natural flow of petroleum on-site by designing computer simulations.’
  • Extraction of oil and gas from off and on-shore underground reserves by designing of equipments.
  • Do planning to drill into the oil and gas fields and then the recovery.
  • Ensure that the oilfield machinery is properly installed, operated and maintained.
  • Undertake surveys, testing and analysis for evaluation of wells production.

Required Education

  • Completion of 12th with 50% aggregate in MPC (Math, Physics and Chemistry) stream.
  • Aspirants are required to clear the JEE Mains entrance exam for admission into IITs and NITs. To get enrolled in prestigious institutions, candidates have to clear JEE Advanced.
  • Then pursue the undergraduate programs offered by various institutions like:
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Petrochemical Engineering
  • Applied Petroleum Engineering
  • Petroleum Refinery Engineering
  • Petroleum Reservoir and Production Engineering
  • To get enrolled in Masters Program, the candidates have to clear the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). The master courses are:
  • Petroleum Exploration
  • Petroleum Refinery Engineering
  • Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Engineering
  • Tech + B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering Years Duration (Dual Degree)

Top institutions offering Petroleum Engineering

The following are some of the reputed institutions that offer courses in Petroleum Engineering.

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
  • University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun
  • Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar
  • Dibrugarh University
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Anna University, Chennai
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Required Skills

The following are some of the skills that a petroleum engineer must possess.

  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Being a good team worker.
  • Expertise in numerical and analytical skills.
  • Adept in conceptualization skills.
  • Excellent communication skills.
  • Scientific curiosity and ability to pay attention to details.
  • Excellent logical thinking skills.
  • Should be creative.
  • Good Interpersonal skills.

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Jobs in Government Companies

Petroleum Engineers can also find jobs in government sector. The following is a list of some companies that come under the government and hire petroleum engineers.

  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
  • Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL)
  • Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL).
  • Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC)
  • Essar Oil Limited.

Various careers for Petroleum Engineers

The popular career options for these engineers are:

  • Reservoir Engineers.
  • Drilling Engineers.
  • Production Engineers.
  • Completion Engineers.
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Career Advancement

The fresh graduates initially work under the supervision of experienced engineers. In large sector sectors, the entry-level engineers may also get formal work training. As these engineers progress by gaining knowledge and experience they are moved onto difficult projects where they develop designs and use their skills of problem-solving and decision making.

These engineers may advance into managerial positions like engineering managers and supervise teams of engineers and technicians.

Salary and Job Outlook

The Petroleum Engineers are one of the highest-paid professionals in India and abroad. In India, the average salary of these engineers is between INR 6 LPA and INR 7LPA. Experienced Engineers are eligible for job perks and good salary packages.

The median annual salaries of these engineers are $137,330.

The projected job growth for these engineers is at the rate of 15% that is faster than the average growth rate of 7%. Oil prices play an important role in the employment growth of the petroleum industry. If any change occurs in the oil prices, it will impact the employment growth of petroleum engineers since they work in oil and gas extractions.

Petroleum Engineers are in great demand globally. A degree in this field unlocks many career paths. There are many petroleum and gas companies that hire petroleum engineers.

– Samiya Firdous

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