Rahul Joshi

What are the Career Prospects for the Graduates and Post-graduates in Law Education (LLB/LLM)?

by Rahul Joshi
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RE: What are the Career Prospects for the Graduates and Post-graduates in Law Education (LLB/LLM)?

Surabhi Dewra
Surabhi Dewra
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According to Roscoe Pound “law is an instrument of social change”. There is no doubt that lawyers are the social engineers, this has been proved time and again in the history of India, if we see from many of the political personalities to many of the freedom fighters we have got a big list of lawyers is very big. For example, Mahatma Gandhi, Dadabhai Naoroji, Sundernath Bannerjee, Madan Mohan Malviya and Motilal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad and so on. Further even Narendra Modi Government has many lawyers in his cabinet who are heading important miniseries.

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Law has proved to be very popular career option in India, many families had generations of lawyers and their upcoming generations usually opt to study law, this does not, however, mean that if you do not have family in law then you do not get admission into law. If you have passion and determination to study law, you can very well study law, and this does not also mean you cannot gain expertise in any field of law may it be civil, criminal or any other. Apart from these traditional specializations, areas like corporate laws, intellectual property rights, arbitration laws, international laws etc., have evolved over the period of time as career options into law, which means law study has not limited itself to practice into the courts of law but various other options are open if you opt law as your career.

Courses Available:

Law can be taken as a career as soon as a person completes his senior secondary education i.e. 12th class, or he can choose law after his graduation. For those choosing it after his/her 12th class, there is five-year comprehensive course specifically designed to offer law and a graduation degree of B.A., or BB.A. And three years course is offered to the students who had any other subject than the law in their graduation. All the law courses are regulated by Bar Council of India, which sets rules and regulations in respect of practice in the country. These courses are available in all law colleges, universities or National Law Schools which conduct an entrance which basically tests a student’s general English, legal aptitude, general awareness, logical skills, reasoning etc,

Career options:

Unlike olden days just to practice into the courts of law, the legal profession has many career options like becoming a public prosecutor, attorney general, legal advisor, law professor, law associate, law officer etc,


As by default law graduates can practice law in the courts of law specializing civil or criminal matters, nowadays there are litigation law firms also which hire law graduates by paying exorbitant salaries if the graduate has the caliber and capabilities. On the start, they get good stipend and later get good salary depending on their performance

Public Services:

By clearing exams conducted by Public Service Commission, various State Governments for their own state, a graduate can become a judge and can contribute to Indian Judiciary. Alternatively, a graduate can become Public Prosecutor or offer services to government departments and ministries.

Legal Associate:

This has been emerging as a very lucrative option available for law graduates, the top law firms in India like Amarchand Mangaldas, AZB & Partners, and so on visit top law schools and colleges and conduct interviews and select toppers of those colleges offering them exorbitant salary packages to work as a litigant, corporate lawyer, researcher etc,.

Some of the top law firms in the country are:

  1. Amarchand Mangaldas.
  2. AZB and Partners.
  3. J Sagar Associates.
  4. Khaitan and Co.
  5. Luthra and Luthra.
  6. Trilegal.
  7. Desai and Diwanji.
  8. Singhania & Partners.
  9. Titus and Co.
  10. Wadia Ghandy and Co.
  11. Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan.
  12. Economic Laws Practice.
  13. Vaish and Associates.

Teaching in Law:

Teaching has never been the way it uses to be in old days, the scope, pay package, specialization etc, has expanded to offer a very good career option. A law graduate can teach a specific area of expertise in any of the National Law Schools or any other law college, after completing post graduation from any of the law universities and can qualify CBSE NET (National Eligibility Test) or JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) to get a very good package.

Top Law Institutes to study or teach law in India are as follows:

  • Faculty of Law, (DU) University of Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University, (BHU) Varanasi
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  • National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
  • Gujarat National Law University (GNLU)
  • Symbiosis Society's Law College (SSLC), Pune
  • National Law University, Jodhpur
  • National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
  • Indian Law School,(ILS) Pune
  • Government Law College, (GLC) Mumbai
  • Amity Law School, (ALS) Delhi
  • Aligarh Muslim University, (AMU) Aligarh

International Arena:

Indian Legal Education is very similar to law education in England, for reasons like England ruling India and India borrowing most of their laws, and thus many of the universities offer legal education to Indian students and Indian are happy working in England. Indian students have also reached to the USA and take up jobs after completing their education and this is also true in the case of Australia, Germany, and France etc.

Other Career Options:

Apart from these major options in career, law graduates are also working in several NGOs which give them good packages, after clearing a specific examination a law graduate can become law officer in banks or insurance companies, by clearing SSB interview a law graduate can become JAG (Judge Advocate General) in Indian Army or Navy.

Different Roles Played by a Lawyer:

  • As a Criminal Lawyer:  He is specialised in all criminal laws CrPC, IPC, Evidence Act and various other penal laws in force.
  • As a Civil Litigation Lawyer: He is specialized in all the civil laws like taxation laws, contracts law, civil procedure code, excise laws.
  • As a Legal Analyst: He generally works for corporate firms or law firms, his duty is to analyse various laws pertaining to all the sphere of the company laws, of a company and it's all operations.
  • As a Document Drafting Lawyer: He is specialised in drafting all documents that contain any agreement or its terms and conditions or the case material, etc.
  • As a Legal Journalist: He usually covers crimes, and beats legal claims in lower courts, higher courts, any or arbitrations court, international courts and so on.
  • As a Legal Advisor: He offers consultancy services to any corporate firm with regard to all their legal obligation that arise, duties that are obligated, legal relations that occur with other firms.
  • As a Government Lawyer: He works for the government (Central or State) & in close coordination with the police who interrogates the crimes.
  • As a Judge: He offers judgments by conducting the court proceeding and also by hearing all the concerned parties involved case.

Although there are various options available for a law graduate to seek career but it takes a lot of patience and hard work to succeed in this field. This field is also like all another profession like Chartered Accountant, Doctors, Company Secretaries etc who can work independently and earn to the sky’s limit but requires time and experience to polish their skills, to be valuable to the clients.

For further queries and related information, you can approach the Professional Experts at CareerGuide. Hope this will help you!

RE: What are the Career Prospects for the Graduates and Post-graduates in Law Education (LLB/LLM)?

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