Rahul Joshi

What are the different academic courses in legal (Law) education?


by Rahul Joshi
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RE: What are the different academic courses in legal (Law) education?

Surabhi Dewra
Surabhi Dewra
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Hi,

All the laws flow from the constitution of India, which is the supreme law of the country. “Law” thus is the basic part of our constitution. All the activities of an individual can be well regulated by laws.  Hence it is very important to learn laws of the land, where one resides and for those who want to master law or to study it, there are various colleges, universities which offer some common and some very specific courses in law at various academic levels.

 

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A person having passion and determination to study law can do so by taking up three years law course or five years law courses and specialize in any particular area. Apart from these traditional specializations like civil or criminal matters, areas like corporate laws, intellectual property rights, arbitration laws, international laws etc., have evolved over the period of time as career options into law which are customized by law colleges in India to include the various courses offered by them. This means law study has not limited itself to practice into the courts of law but various other options are open if you opt law as your career.

All the students who pass law degree are designated as a Lawyer and they need to qualify an All India Bar Examination, in order to practice in the courts of law, the exam is conducted by Bar Council of India, the body which regulates various law courses offered in India and also regulates the practice of law into the Indian courts.

Law Education in India:

There is history for law education which needs to be understood in brief. Since 1987 field of law is offered in a typical manner, which was 3 years degree program which was being granted under the Advocate Act of 1961. This is an Act passed by the Indian Parliament, specifically dealing areas of regulating the conduct in law profession and legal. The Bar Council of India (BCI) is the authority and regulates Law education India; it also regulates the profession of law in India. Further it ensures that all the laws are complied with. It also looks after and maintains the professional standards to be followed by the law profession of this country.

It was then suggested by the Law Commission of India and also that it was a long-standing need of reforming the Bar Council of India to just experiment in terms of establishing specialized law colleges and universities which are primarily determined to devote for the legal education and keep raising the academic standards of the law profession of India. It was finally decided in 1985 and a concrete plan was laid down to open the first University of law in India in Bangalore which was termed as the National Law School of India University- NLS. All of such law universities were established with intend to offer a multi-disciplinary and integrated approach to legal education. Thus ultimately this was the first time that a law degree apart from B.L or LL.B. was being offered in India which was granted as a 5 years law course after successfully completing an integrated degree titled as B.A., LL.B. – Honors. Further from few years BB.A. LL.B. - Honors is also granted by various universities across India.

Academic Degrees (courses offered in law education)

A student in India can take up a legal course by completing an under graduation course in any of the disciplines. Nonetheless, below is a model offered in a national Law School, any aspiring student can study field of law as an integrated course of 5 years after passing the senior secondary examination that is 12th Standard.

  • LLB- (Bachelor of Laws) : The one which is traditionally in existence is the LL.B. which is the most common law degree offered and conferred by Indian universities with a duration of three years. It has standard curriculum, subjects and may be sometimes pattern of examination too, wherein students are exposed to the required bar subjects and is followed by almost all universities offering this course.

 

  • B.A., LL.B. or BBA., LL.B. or B.Sc., LL.B. or B.Com., LL.B. - (Bachelor of Laws)- integrated undergraduate degrees: These are the degrees are mostly offered in the autonomous colleges which are of the duration of five years and also by any of the university affiliated colleges all across India. This has been a new addition to the available courses and has gained popularity as this gives a focused approach to the law as a career and students determined to take up law as a career start to do so soon after completing their senior secondary education. Thus this course is highly recommended in the present day for students who have law a carrier priority.

 

  • LLM - (Master of Laws) : :The LL.M. is most common postgraduate law degree which has duration of one or two years. Since 2012 UGC (University Grant Commission) has made it one year course but some of the traditional universities may still offer two years course. This course helps a student to pursue career in teaching or research into law.

 

  • MBL - (Master of Business Law): This course is offered by few selected colleges and universities as there is an option for taking LL.M in business law as an alternate for this. Students can opt any of these courses as they are comfortable.

 

  • Ph.D - (Doctor of Philosophy): There is a good prospect for Ph.D. after the legal education. Most of the highly reputed autonomous institution provides the Ph.D. programs. Most appropriate option after Ph.D. is teaching career and if Ph.D. is done by qualifying NET (National Eligibility Test) or JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) then you have very good prospects to be able to get into good colleges and universities for teaching.

 

  • MBL with LLM or MBA with LL.M. - (Master of Business Laws- integrated): This is a 3 years (double) degree integrated course having specialization in business law for those who want to excel in business laws and want to join corporate firms for handling corporate matters or to join any company as a legal advisor.

 

  • Other Diplomas in Law: There are various diplomas in law offered by various colleges all across India, a student can opt any of the diplomas as per the requirement after doing a proper inquiry. Various national Law Schools offer diplomas and other similar short term courses, crash courses in aviation, tax laws, intellectual property rights etc. Some of the colleges are Indian Law School, Pune, Symbiosis Law School, Pune, NALSAR (National Academy for Legal Studies and Research) Hyderabad and so on.

The students wishing to get the admission into law field, and those who are specifically targeting admission into National Law Schools, have to appear in CLAT 2017  which is Common Law Admission Test. CLAT entrance is conducted for admissions into National Law Universities-NLUs.  Only through CLAT any student can be admitted in the Integrated L.L.B or L.L.M courses offered by NLSs, which basically tests a student’s, legal aptitude, general English, general awareness (current affairs) logical skills, reasoning and so on.

For any other college and university students need to write entrance conducted by that specific college or university. A student can opt for law courses after completing his education from any of the streams like Science stream, Commerce stream, Arts stream in 12th.

BCI (Bar Council of India) is the regulatory body providing (Certificate of Practice) to the candidates after completing their LL.B. Further to practice in the profession of law and to receive a certificate, it has been mandatory for the candidates to qualify All India Bar Examination- AIBE.

Students who wish to pursue law courses from foreign Universities/Institutions can apply for Law School Admission Test (LSAT) or specific entrance conducted by that particular Law School. The Jindal Law Global School does its admissions through the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) conducted by the Law School Admission Council, USA. Students may also avail a scholarship that is provided any institution by doing proper inquiry and fulfilling all requirements in this regard.

For further queries and related information, you can approach the Professional Experts at CareerGuide. Hope this will help you!

RE: What are the different academic courses in legal (Law) education?

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