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As a Career, it is a broad field and attracts students. Under graduation Courses known as Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) is semester-based course type of four years. It’s a multi-disciplined field and provides different branch and discipline options like Mechanical, Civil, Electrical and Computer at the bachelor level. A student should score a minimum of 50% in 12th with PCM (physics, chemistry, mathematics) is eligible for engineering exams. A diploma holder can take admission in the second year directly and will do three year course. With providing vast career options and stable jobs engineering careers always remains trending. 

Admission differs from merit-based to entrance exams. Students with good grades can also take colleges based on the merit list. These exams remain the same for any branch you want to choose. The most popular national level entrance exam is JEE (Joint Entrance Examination), the first stage is JEE Main in JEE system, the second stage is JEE Advanced held once a year. Then VITJEE is an exam conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology. Another exam is SRMJEE held by the SRM Institute of Science and Technology. The campus includes Ramapuram, Vadapalani, and Delhi-NCR. Then BITSAT (BITS Pilani) was conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. Students also have an option for state-based exams like MHTCET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test), WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination), MUOET, etc. These exams will give you top colleges of IIT level, NIT level, Vellore Institute of Technology, BITS Pilani, etc.

Building a career needs hard work and efforts from the aspirant side. Explore your subject interest first. You will find the following types of specialties and career options: 

Computer Engineering

Computer engineering always remain in trend because of use in most places and due to digitization. Options like computer science and information technology are available. You will work with software profiles like application developer and system developer and hardware profiles like hardware technician and hardware designer that make computers run. Engineers mainly deal with physical or hardware systems. Machine learning, artificial intelligence, hacking, working on cloud platforms are trendy options.

Software Engineering

Software Engineers design, develop, maintain and install computer software. The main focus is on the operating system and computer application. If you have strong mathematics and computer knowledge you can choose this field. Developing multi-platform programming, creating, designing, and testing is the main focus in this field.

Mechanical Engineering

This is mostly interest of male candidates because of mechanical devices and subfields like the automobile sector. Manufacturing, designing, and operating are the main tasks and concepts like force and energy. Responsibilities involve designing efficient tools and technology, drafting instruments, etc. It is a broad field you can see usage in engines, turbines, power-using machines like ACs, lifts, sensors, elevators, etc.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineer’s duty involves working with electricity generation systems, lighting, developing instruments, and focusing on developing efficient energy systems. The branch is also suitable for government exam aspirants.

Industrial Engineering

This is important and necessary field for students if industry and developing efficient and lower-cost systems interest you. You will evaluate, improve and manage the production process. Improving efficiency and developing management control systems with working closer to vendors and staff.

Civil Engineering

You will get more chances and options to work for the government. Designing, constructing, and developing sites and cities project. Mainly you will learn to handle environmental hazards construction of roads, dams, airports, and bridges. There are specializations like land development, urban engineering, etc. Subparts in this field give you options like a structural engineer. A civil engineer can go for government exams.

Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical engineers deals with work areas in aviation, aerospace, defense areas. Require good command of mathematics and physics. Aerodynamics and performance engineer, Automation engineer, Flight test engineer, and Aerospace engineer are jobs that differ according to responsibilities. They design and develop, test, and maintain systems. Sectors involve airlines, planes, helicopters, jets, and airborne vehicles.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineers work on research areas and ways to improve and protect the environment. The main focus is on waste management, air pollution, ozone health, and every challenging environmental issue. You will invest your time in developing existing tools in a more effective process with less cost.

Marine Engineering

This is for water-based areas and systems. You will be working with internal systems of ships like electrical, steering, and propulsion systems.  Then there is a systems engineer for naval ships are called naval architects who review the architectural elements.

These are the topmost preferred branches taken by students. There are 20 engineering branches like agricultural , biomedical , chemical , geological , nuclear , rubber, plastic technology , etc. If you are not specific about any specific course, consider college first and then select any branch available there. And sub-fields like automobile engineering can be taken when you are passionate about it.

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