Career options in geography

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geography as a subject is dedicated to the study of the planet, the distribution and site of its physical and cultural features, inter-relationship of those features, and human life moreover because of the various phenomenon of Earth. This discipline seeks to look at the link and influences between people and also the environment. A degree in geography trains and educates a person to realize success in careers starting from cartography, business, administration to tourism and planning besides many others reckoning on the interests of the individual.

Eligibility Criteria for Geography Careers

Educational Qualification: The minimum qualification for taking on geography courses is 10+2 with high marks in social sciences including geography. for a few degree courses in selected universities and colleges, there’s an entrance test during which the aptitude of aspirants is checked for specialized study of geography. a primary –class Hons. degree in geography is mostly a prerequisite for admission to a postgraduate course in most cases, you need a master’s degree to enter the jobs.


Personal attributes: Aspirants who want to create a career in geography in India must be creative and imaginative. it’s also important to be accepting of learning from others as mentorship from established professionals will play a vital role within the initial years. Students of geography have to have an analytical bent of mind, have impeccable organizational skills, communicate well, and be comfortable working in a very team.

With a degree in Geography, students are trained in data collection, analysis, presentation, problem identification and evaluation, report production and presentation, etc. thanks to the vast scope of geography, the topic delves into several different aspects like environment management, geographic information systems, meteorology, urban planning, teaching, and research.

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Job Scope of Geography

Geography offers several career options with numerous specializations.

1. Cartography -

Geographers who focus on this sub-category of geography make maps, charts, globes, and models

2. Survey -

Geographers can concentrate on surveying, either by joining the Survey of India or state survey departments or private organizations. Surveyors map the surface of the world through mathematical observations and field work. this is often one in every of many geography jobs in India.

3. Urban and Regional Planning -

The specialization is worried with planning, housing, and development projects with regard to their location and utilization of obtainable land-space. There are degree courses available during this stream.

4. Town Planning -

Town planners are employed by public and personal organizations engaged in urban planning and style and by NGOS involved in rural development projects. Many universities offer diploma courses within the specialized field of urban planning.

5. Remote Sensing-

Studies of quickly changing phenomena like floods, draught and forest fires, etc. Remote sensing satellites provide a spread of data about the layer

6. Climate Change Analysis-

As knowledgeable during this field, geographers are required to analyze scientific data and conduct research concerning climate and temperature change, and make predictions regarding the long run of Earth’s climate and weather.


7. Geospatial Analyst-

A geospatial analyst analyses geographical data, designs databases, uses this data in GIS applications for a good array of sectors including military, property, environment, and government.

8. Teacher and professors-

Last but not the least a job in the education field. You need to clear exams for that and it can be long process. But it is for people who want to spread knowledge. You can even teach in coaching institutes.

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Depending on their area of specialization, geographers is also employed as forest managers or in agricultural or economic institutes or as demographers in government and research organizations. A geography background is additionally an asset for careers in travel and tourism, particularly for travel Journalism. you’ll be able to even be employed as climatologists, geomorphologists, GIS specialists, and hydrologists.

Geography Pay Package

Since the nature of jobs after geography degree is very diverse, the salary can vary tremendously. Though, initially pay packet in this field of work is not as lucrative as other hot career options, one can expect a starting salary somewhere around INR 2.35 LPA to INR 6.5 LPA, depending on the profile and kind of work.

Geography Institutes/Universities

By- Shinjini Chatterjee

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