B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology)

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After completing four years of study in the subject, applicants are awarded a Bachelor of Technology (BTech), a professional undergraduate engineering degree. One of the most sought-after courses in India is engineering, which is provided by a large number of educational institutions. The most popular JEE Main and JEE Advanced entrance exams for BTech admissions.

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For course admission, students may also take a variety of entrance exams at the state and private levels in addition to those offered at the national level. The minimum requirement for admission to a BTech programme is a grade of 12 in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Every entrance exam and institute, however, has additional requirements. Some institutions also provide admission to their programmes on the basis of merit, or the marks attained by applicants in their class 12 board exams.

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There are different career options job opportunities for students with 12th PCM (physics, chemistry, mathematics) subjects. B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) is the most popular undergraduate degree course students pursue. Degree is awarded to students after completing a four-year course. Students get confused between the B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) and the B.E. but there is little difference as B.Tech deals with the technical aspects of Science which is more technical than B.E which deals with engineering aspects of Science.

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At present, there is no difference between both degrees. Some colleges have either B.E. or B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) and some have both . Students can go for courses as available in the college. Students with a minimum of 60% in 12th are required for admission in this course. The normal college fees cost from 1.25 lakhs to 5 lakhs per year and top-ranked college fees from 10 to 15 lakhs. Private colleges take more fees compared to government colleges.

B.Tech highlights

Particulars Details
Name of degree Bachelor of Technology
Commonly known as BTech
Degree level Undergraduate
Course duration 4 years
Admission process Entrance test followed by counselling
Annual course fee INR 2 to 5 lakh
Top institutes IITs, NITs, IIITs, VIT, SRMIST, BITS, etc.
Top recruiters Google, Apple, Hindustan Unilever Ltd, ISRO,
Specialisations Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineer, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineer, Marine Engineer and more


List of B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) Specializations

In India, a B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) degree is offered across various specializations. There are a few prominent specializations, such as:

Computer Science Engineering Mechanical Engineering Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering Marine Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Petroleum Engineering Electronics & Electrical Engineering

Even while all of these specializations provide excellent opportunities for students to enter a variety of professions, computer science engineering is perhaps one of the most in-demand programmes right now. In order to enroll applicants for this programme, top engineering colleges such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs), and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), as well as some of the best central universities, set high entrance exam cutoff scores.

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What distinguishes a BE from a B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) degree?

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The orientation provided by the Bachelors in Engineering (BE) degree programme is comparable to that of the B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) curriculum. In fact, there is so much similarity in the requirements for admission to institutions, the topics covered by recruiting firms, and even the job descriptions provided during placements that students frequently question whether they are the same. The primary distinction between these two degree programmes is to the subjects covered in class and the program’s focus. The points of distinction between these two programmes are depicted in the following table.

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Difference between BE and BTech

BE is more theoretical and knowledge oriented. It is a study based on theory.
B.Tech is skill/data-oriented. The course is more of application engineering.
The course deals with engineering aspects of Science
The course deals with the technical aspects of Science
The course is applied to develop innovative equipment and useful technical gadgets in Science and Technology.
The course applies the principles of engineering and technology to modify structures and thereby enhance their quality. 

Both BE and B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) degrees offer students an opportunity to pursue a career in Engineering. The courses are of a duration of 4-years and are spread across 8 semesters.


There are typically two kinds of engineering programme:
  • 3-year BE/B.Tech after Diploma in Engineering
  • 4-year BE/B.Tech after Class 12
The four-year programme offers more rigour to students and also covers more with respect to the depth of the curriculum.

Qualifications for BE/B.Tech

The following criteria must be met in order to be admitted to any B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) programme:

  • Candidates must have passed the class 12 exam with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as their core subjects from an accredited board.
  • Additionally, they must have received a minimum of 60% overall in the disciplines mentioned above.
  • The majority of admission decisions are made in light of the student’s performance on the entrance exam.
  • Please be aware that different institutions will have different requirements for BTech eligibility.

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Entrance And Preparation

For admission, students need to appear for entrance exams. Exams are tough you need to work hard and focus on exam preparation. By clearing the entrance exams with good marks you may need to pay fewer fees for prominent colleges than what you pay with entrance exams. Because clearing entrance with lower marks will give you non-famous and average college. Therefore for top colleges, clearing exams help students in fees and to get admission easily. With an increasing number of students and competition, these exams are not easy to clear therefore after 12th students also take a drop for preparations. There are some top-level colleges like IIT’s and NIT’s preferred by students, after these colleges students go for other college options.

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Some of the top exams for B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) admission are Jee Main, Jee Advanced, VITEEE, MHT CET, TS EAMCET, etc. Students should check the updated pattern and syllabus and information about NTA official updates when preparing for exams. The exam consist question from each of the three subjects (physics, chemistry, and maths), the syllabus includes mathematical reasoning, permutation, and combination, SI unites, laws of motions, work, energy and motion, organic chemistry, the periodic table, thermodynamics, etc. NCERT books for basic concepts and previous year’s test papers for reference and practice are the best sources of preparation for the exam. If a student is not able to pass the exam cut off they can also go for direct admission in colleges but direct admission should be considered the last option.

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  • JEE Main – Conducted by National Testing Agency, JEE Main is the entrance examination for BTech admissions into NITs, IIITs and GFTIs. JEE Main consists of two papers – Paper 1 (BE/BTech) and Paper 2 (BArch/BPlan)
  • JEE Advanced – It is a national level entrance examination for BTech admissions into IITs. Students have to qualify for JEE Main to attempt JEE Advanced. 
  • VITEEE – One of the most popular private institute entrance examinations, VITEEE offers admissions into the BTech courses offered by Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) and its various campuses.
  • MHT CET – Through MHT CET, students can apply for BTech admissions into the BTech institutes of the Maharashtra state. 
  • TS EAMCET – TS EAMCET offers admissions to students in the Telangana state institutes on the basis of their scores in the entrance examination


Admissions process for B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology)

The admissions process for any institute is the same for all BTech applicants. Below are the several phases for B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) admissions:

  • First and foremost, B.Tech (Bachelor Of Technology) candidates must take and pass one of the entrance tests in order to be considered for admission to an institution.
  • NITs, IIITs, GFTIs, and many more private colleges accept national engineering entrance exams like JEE Main. The entrance exam for IIT admission is called JEE Advanced.
  • In addition to the aforementioned two tests, B Tech Admissions are also performed through university/college level exams like BITSAT, VITEEE, SRMJEEE, UPESEAT, etc. as well as state-level exams like WBJEE, KEAM, AP EAMCET, TS EAMCET, MHT CET, etc.
  • Every year, the engineering entrance tests are all administered throughout the months of April, May, and June.
  • The relevant authorities have held counselling sessions and seat allocation procedures following the announcement of each exam’s results. Students must select their college and courses during counselling depending on their rankings.
  • Each student must travel to the designated engineering institution to satisfy the entrance requirements after receiving their seat assignment.

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Required skill set for BE/ B.Tech

Skills required for BTech
Ability to communicate – verbal and written Familiarity with Industry standards
Knowledge of the core subject Teamwork
Creativity Multi-disciplinary exposure
Application of the knowledge Leadership Skills
Analytical & Creative thinking Acquaintance with Computers & IT

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After clearing the entrance exam student have options for both government colleges and private colleges. There are different branches for students, student have an option for branch selection Computer science engineering, Mechanical engineering, Civil engineering, Electrical engineering, Aerospace engineering, Electronics and electrical engineering, Metallurgical engineering are some of the most prominent specializations taken by students.

The course Is based on a semester system, there are a total of eight semesters in four years. The syllabus is mixed of technical and non-technical subjects. Practical knowledge differs depending on colleges, good colleges benefit more to student because it has good professors than local colleges. You will learn and improve communication ability, creative thinking, leadership skills, and familiarity with industrial standards. Semester exams, internal’s, and external exams are included in the engineering college pattern. Responsibilities include creating technical documents, design workable solutions, prepare plans with detailing of estimated cost, ensure projects are completed on time and cost-effective, presenting solutions after analysis.


Job Profile And Top Recruiters

Engineer work in a variety of fields, to develop, evaluate and analyze complex systems and improving current systems. Being an engineer there are huge opportunities available in technical fields. Graduates who completed degrees successfully can work in any sector in India. Being hired as an engineer, graduates are also hired as consultant, researcher, manager, etc. Robotic engineer, Petroleum engineering, Software developer, Software designer, Product manager, Professor, Communication engineer, Mining engineer, Production engineer are some of the popular job profiles.

Knowing the choices available you can make the right decision, after graduation you can opt for post-graduation programs. A student did not get a good college at graduation, focus on exams like GATE in their third year to get good job opportunities. Tata Consultancy, Infosys Technology, IBM Global Services, HCL Technology, Qualcomm, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft, Apple, Google, ISRO are top recruitment companies for engineering graduates. The average salary for an Engineer can go to 5, 00,000 INR yearly. But some factors that affect expected salary, experience, skillset, job location, and job role play important roles in this. With a good skill set and experience, you will earn more. There are some branches like petroleum, aerospace, software, and chemical which give good packages to students compared to the health and safety branch in India.

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For BTech graduates, there are a tonne of technical job prospects. Any graduate who has completed a BTech degree successfully can find employment in practically all sectors in India. BTech graduates are employed as consultants, subject matter experts, researchers, managers, and engineers in addition to other positions. See some of the common job descriptions for BTech grads below.
Types of job profiles for BTech graduates
Computer Science Engineer Mining Engineer
Mechanical Engineer Ceramic Engineer
Civil Engineer Production Engineer
Automobile Engineer Robotics Engineer
Chemical Engineer Electronics & Communication Engineer
Electrical Engineer Lecturer/Professor
Electronics Engineer Software Develop
Aeronautical Engineer Product Manager
Marine Engineer Construction Engineer
Aerospace Engineer Telecommunication Engineer

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Students should be conscious of the decisions they will make for their own futures as BTech graduates. They must be informed of all their options in order to choose wisely and advance their careers after graduation. After finishing their 4-year programme, many BTech graduates pursue an MBA. While some candidates for the GATE test want to continue their education in the chosen specialties A few BTech graduates also create their own businesses.

The demand for BTech graduates is high across every domain. Every company – private or government, big or small recruit engineers in various capacities. Take a look at the list of some of the top companies recruiting BTech graduates after a successful 4-year programme.


Top companies hiring Engineering graduates 
TATA Consultancy Bain & Company
Infosys Technologies Larson & Toubro
IBM Global Services InfoEdge India Ltd
Accenture Services Honeywell
HCL Technologies Samsung
Goldman Sachs AT Kearney
Qualcomm Blackstone
Microsoft Hindustan Unilever Ltd
Cairn ITC Limited
Mckinsey Knowledge Centre JP Morgan
Rubrik and Uber Intel
Apple EXL
Google Flipkart
Morgan Stanley Myntra
Schlumberger Amazon
Deutsche Bank HSBC
Procter & Gamble ICICI
Millennium Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd
ISRO Siemens
Sysmex Triveni Turbine Limited
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