15 Facts about Environmental Engineering

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15 Facts About Environmental Engineering is a scientific field that deals with studying, researching, and working on environmental changes that are both natural and induced by human activity. This particular area of engineering has trends that are always altering in response to the external environment. Every living thing on Earth has a very intimate connection to this field of engineering.

The environmental engineer takes pride in the occurrence of several excellent things that contribute to the global reduction of pollution. The discipline of engineering known as environmental engineering is quite fascinating and involves more fieldwork.

This area of engineering works with all facets of nature in the different ecosystem-present forms. There are many fascinating statistics and facts related to the engineering field that should be discussed.

What Is Environmental Engineering?

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Environmental Engineers develop solutions to environmental problems using the principles of biology and chemistry. They are involved in recycling, water and air pollution control, waste disposal and public health. Negative environmental effects can be significantly decreased and be brought under control through public education, regulations, conservation, and the application of good engineering practices.

Engineers that specialize in environmental engineering work to uphold healthy and advantageous interactions between people and the natural world. This include creating eco-friendly structures, keeping water clean, lowering air and water pollution, and cutting back on waste. A bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering is normally required for those who want to work in the field, though they can also obtain one in chemical or civil engineering.

These four-year studies cover topics such as waste management, hydrology, microbiology, geology, and air pollution. These classes aid students in getting ready for careers in a range of environmental engineering disciplines.

Additionally, this sector of engineering offers a wealth of knowledge that may be used to a number of different fields. We will undoubtedly learn a lot about this branch after reading this article, that much is certain. Therefore, let’s explore some 15 pertinent facts about environmental engineering, which are listed as follows.

1. The first fact about environmental engineering is The Environmental Engineering branch is an Internship-Specific Branch, meaning that you will learn more in this branch through fieldwork rather than studying inside your college’s four walls. This will benefit you in that you will learn more while studying in this branch.

2.According to a survey conducted by a very reputable organisation, environmental engineering is the field that is expanding the fastest globally. This might be the result of things like global warming, rising pollution levels, and more effective usage of non-renewable energy sources. This is the second fact about environmental engineering.

3.Due to the government launching numerous projects to minimize pollution, focusing on better use of non-renewable sources of energy, and moving toward more sustainable development, the government sector accounts for the bulk of jobs in India for the Environmental Engineering branch. So selecting this branch would help you have a reliable and long-term source of income with increases and a variety of allowances. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

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4. Instead of lab work, theory lectures, and other things, this discipline of engineering focuses more on surveys, projects, and field work, which will help you obtain more real-world experience. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

5. The most intriguing aspect of this branch is that you do not have to be an undergraduate from the Environmental Engineering branch to pursue graduate studies; you can be an undergraduate from any branch with a basic understanding of environmental sciences. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

6. By creating or developing effective methods to lessen the amount of pollution and global warming that occurs around the world, the environmental engineer has the opportunity to improve or save the lives of millions of people. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

7. Nearly any engineer may collaborate with the environmental engineer to create systems that save lives. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

8. To create cleaner and more effective fossil fuels, the environmental engineer can collaborate with a petrochemical engineer. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

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9. To track out and monitor carbon footprints, temperature indices, CO2 level monitoring, and air quality indices for a better understanding and visualization, the environmental engineer can collaborate with computer science and information technology engineers to develop more effective and modern techniques. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

10. By working to improve the effectiveness of equipment like air purifiers and charcoal water filters, among other things, the environmental engineer can create better gadgets for reducing air and water pollution at the domestic level and improving humankind’s quality of life. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

11. Due to the extensive knowledge and skills of environmental engineers, this engineering discipline can collaborate with specialized engineering groups to develop better strategies for sustainable development. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

12. Environmental engineers are the only engineers who can create better techniques for landfilling, recycling, segregation, and waste collection, hence lowering solid waste, air pollution, and water pollution. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.


13. By minimizing Pollution and Heat Loss from processes like Roasting and Calcination, which include smoke and fire and create a significant quantity of Air Pollution, these Engineers can collaborate with the Chemical Engineers working in the sector to design more effective extraction procedures. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

14. The metallurgical department and the environmental engineers can collaborate to lessen the enormous amount of air pollution produced during the initial processes of extracting the mineral from the ore. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

15. In order to improve the technology for electric energy vehicles and lower emissions from high horsepower engines, this discipline of engineering can also collaborate with automotive engineers. This is the another fact about environmental engineering.

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Where are there jobs for environmental engineers?

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Typically, environmental engineers work in offices or laboratories. However, they also operate on building sites and carry out fieldwork in other environments. Additionally, environmental engineers can find employment in a variety of sectors, such as manufacturing, government, construction, healthcare, and environmental safety.

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Environmental Engineering: Courses And Eligibility

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Like any other branch of engineering, for seeking admission to B.E. Environmental Engineering, a student has to opt for science stream after High School Leaving Certificate Examination (Class X examination). At Higher Secondary (10+2) level, the student will have to opt for subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM compulsory); and any of the bifocal subjects such as – Computer Science, Biology, Biotechnology and Engineering Drawing etc. Though majority of the branches of engineering colleges require Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects at (10+2) level, some of the branches also permit admission to students having Mathematics and Physics as compulsory subjects and any one of the subjects such as Chemistry/Computer Science Biology/ Biotechnology Engineering Drawing as the third subject.

Science student after completing B.Sc. (Bachelor in Science) with major in Physics, Chemistry Mathematics can also join any of the 3 years B.Tech. program in engineering offered by some engineering institutions/universities.


Environmental Engineering Course Structure And Fees

The education qualification generally includes graduate-level course work, though some colleges and deemed universities which allow undergraduates to specialize or take elective courses in the environmental field. The undergraduate programme of Environmental Engineering has a duration of 4 years and postgraduate programme of the same is of 2 years. An academic year is divided between two semesters. The entire B. Tech programme has 8 semesters and M. Tech programme has 4 semesters. The odd semesters usually begins in July/ August and the even Semesters start in January/ February. An examination is held at the end of each semester that is in every six months.

The fee for the undergraduate programme varies from college to college. Generally, the students have to pay Rs. 30,000-80,000 per semester for B. Tech course.

Specialized Environmental Engineering Courses

Those aspirants who to discover environmental engineering as a career path, have to pursue undergraduate programme in environmental engineering. To enhance and refine their attributes they might have to join environmental engineering postgraduate programmes also. The tenure of B. Tech in environmental engineering is for 4 years and for M. Tech programme it is of 2 years stretch.

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Job Profile

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In current times, there is a huge demand for Environmental Engineers. It is hoped that these engineers would work for the protection of the environment by managing the waste materials, reducing the pollution, utilising the renewable sources of energy etc. After completion of the B. E/ B. Tech programmes the candidates may take up jobs in the environment, energy and agricultural sector of the government and non-government organizations or make opt for an M.E. or M.Tech. degree.  In the public sector, environmental engineers are employed by national and local health departments, regional environmental agencies, and municipal engineering and public works departments. In the private sector, they are employed by consulting engineering firms, water and sewerage utility companies, construction contractors, and manufacturing industries. Environmental Engineers may find work as:

  • Air Quality Engineer
  • Assistant Policy Specialist
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Field Chemist
  • Hydro-Geologist
  • Wasteland Ecologist
  • Safety Design Manager
  • Waste Resource Manager Etc.

The minimum starting salary of an Environmental Engineer is Rs 4 lakhs. But his/her salary increases with years as he/she gathers more experience in the field. The senior engineers may earn a salary of INR 9-10 lakhs per annum approximately.


Top Institutes In India To Pursue Environmental Engineering :

Eligibility Norms

Like every other engineering entrance examination, the criteria are similar for the environmental engineering course. Those who want to explore undergraduate programs in environmental engineering have to face and ace JEE Main, JEE Advanced and other distinguished state level entrance exams. Normally JEE Main is conducted twice annually, in January and in April. The candidates are eligible to attend both examinations or either of the tests according to their comfort level.  JEE advanced is organized in May. Candidates who successfully cracked JEE Main automatically become eligible to pursue JEE Advanced. Distinct state level examination generally happens in between April or May.

Other than that, the students must have cleared 10+2 board examinations with Mathematics, physics and chemistry as a domain subject. Those who have cleared their 12th class board examinations are eligible to apply for entrance exams. But they have to showcase their final year marksheet at the time of admission as an essential credential to prove authenticity.

Those environmental engineering enthusiasts who want to join a postgraduate programme need to clear GATE. Further, they have to finish their under-graduation programme in environmental engineering discipline only.

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Career in environmental engineering

Water treatment plant operator

An operator of a water treatment plant makes sure that waterways such as canals, reservoirs, and sewage ways are properly cared for in order to reduce waste and sustain water sources utilised for drinking water. They are in charge of running control room machinery to filter water and get rid of garbage as well as testing the water quality. Operators of water treatment plants often require a high school diploma and on-the-job training. However, some employers would favour applicants with an associate’s degree in water or waste management.

Environment compliance specialist

In order to uphold environmental laws and regulations, an environmental compliance specialist often works for government agencies. To inspect activities, they go to factories, manufacturing facilities, and other industrial locations. They conduct tests with specialised tools to track the amounts of pollutants and other potential waste components. Environmental compliance experts also take into account the impacts that an industrial site may have on nearby populations or ecosystems and apply regulations appropriately. A bachelor’s degree in a field like environmental engineering or chemical engineering is required for those who want to work as environmental compliance specialists.


A professor who specialises in environmental engineering is looking for a teaching post where they can use their professional knowledge. They deliver lectures on a range of important subjects, such as waste management, testing procedures, air quality, renewable energy, and others. They serve as role models for their pupils as they choose which careers to follow in the field of environmental engineering.

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Land surveyor

Before beginning construction projects, land surveyors work for construction firms, contractors, and governmental organisations. They collect measurements, photos, and notes about any environmental considerations the crew needs to make. This covers a plot of land’s general levelness, vegetation, waterways, and soil type. A bachelor’s degree in civil engineering or environmental engineering is required to be eligible for employment as a land surveyor.

Transportation planner

Planners of transportation create routes that allow both vehicles and people to move safely from one location to another. Normally, in order to identify potential risks to the transportation system, environmental elements must be taken into account. This could include surrounding waterways, incline mountains or hills, or even soil characteristics. These variables help transportation planners choose the appropriate building materials and safety measures for roads and walking routes. A bachelor’s degree in a field like environmental engineering, civil engineering, or transportation and logistics is typically required of transportation planners.

Environment scientist

To ascertain pollution levels, bacterial issues, and other environmental elements that can have an impact on the health of nearby communities or ecosystems, environmental scientists undertake field testing and examine lab samples. Drafting scientific reports based on their results, they also appeal to local governments and industrial sites to change activities to enhance the environment. A bachelor’s degree in an area like environmental science or environmental engineering is required to become an environmental scientist.

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Natural resource scientist

Natural resource experts examine how many resources are there in a specific location and what variables might affect their availability. In order to maintain a sufficient quantity of natural resources in a certain area, they also assist in establishing laws for enterprises and manufacturing facilities. Specialists in environmental engineering, environmental science, or resource management typically hold a bachelor’s degree.

Environment consultant

Construction firms and owners of industrial sites benefit from environmental consultants’ assistance in following environmental rules. To assist clients in identifying potential risks to their projects or the environment, they also conduct testing on the soil and neighbouring waterways. A degree in environmental science or engineering is required, as well as some work experience in an environment-related position, before someone may become an environmental consultant. However, some businesses favour applicants with a master’s degree in engineering or environmental science.

Geotechnical engineering

To ascertain how natural factors interact with artificial systems, geotechnical engineers employ their knowledge of different types of soil, streams, and other natural elements. Typically, they provide assistance with construction projects by assisting in the selection of man-made materials based on the local environment. Most geotechnical engineers hold a bachelor’s degree in geotechnical engineering or environmental engineering.

Civil designer

Using CAD software, civil designers create design blueprints for numerous forms of infrastructure. To evaluate the relative magnitude of a building project and which components to construct first, they work with civil engineers and construction experts. A bachelor’s degree in civil engineering is required to work as a civil designer. A master’s degree in civil engineering may be preferred by some businesses, depending on the scope and magnitude of the project.


Environment engineer

To identify potential risks to both human life and the environment, an environmental engineer conducts field testing and studies the regional ecosystems. They apply their findings to industrial facilities, building firms, and nearby communities to preserve water quality and lessen air pollution. To be eligible for their positions, environmental engineers must possess a bachelor’s degree in the field.

Energy efficiency engineer

Electrical systems at manufacturing facilities, industrial locations, and office or residential buildings are inspected by energy efficiency engineers. Their objectives are to identify ways to instal renewable energy systems and find ways to eliminate energy waste. Additionally, they conduct energy audits for clients and offer guidance on future energy waste reduction strategies. For their clients, they might also help with the installation of green energy systems. A bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering or energy systems engineering is required to work as an energy efficiency engineer.

Civil engineer

A civil engineer creates many different kinds of infrastructure, such as buildings, roads, reservoirs, bridges, and public areas. They create plans and estimate the expenses and materials required to make their ideas a reality. In addition, civil engineers usually work with architects to supervise the building process and troubleshoot issues. To be eligible for their positions, civil engineers often need to hold a bachelor’s degree in either environmental engineering or civil engineering.

Wastewater engineer

A wastewater engineer creates plans for water treatment facilities, sewage systems, and artificial waterways such dams, reservoirs, and canals. To determine an appropriate timeline for building structures, they supervise the construction process and communicate with construction personnel. In addition to carrying out annual maintenance, wastewater engineers also oversee daily operations at water treatment facilities. A bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering, civil engineering, or mechanical engineering is required for employment.

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Civil engineering supervisor

Supervisors of civil engineering keep an eye on a group of civil engineers to make sure they complete projects on time. They adhere to financial constraints while closely collaborating with their team to create plans for the infrastructure. To decide on a construction schedule, they collaborate with contractors and construction managers. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering or civil engineering, together with a few years of professional experience working as a civil engineer, are requirements for becoming a civil engineering supervisor.


Biologists profile deals with study of plants and organism’s functionality to find or extract out info to further interpret their habitat, origin, structure and the methodology which they used to communicate with the environment.  They have to conduct extensive research to prepare solid, factual, credible and congruent reports at the same time.

Agriculture Engineer

Agriculture engineer position comes under the environmental engineering career which allows professional working engineers to handle and resolve agriculturally based allocated tasks. As a devoted professional they are responsible for working on diverse environmental tasks such as checking or supervising sites, analysing apparatuses and looking at overall water management assessments.


Geologists are recognised as the environmental engineers who deal with the fundamentals of geology. They have to comprehend the concepts of geology to create solutions for retaliating environmental geology problems. Their role is to closely work with the discipline of geosciences, geology of glacial, controlling pollution, conducting crucial surveys on geology, engineering geology, water distribution, in-depth ground investigation, volcanology and many more. So, the geologists position itself inculcates distinct branches in which they can carve out a career.

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An ecologist is an engineering professional who understands the relationship between organisms and the environment.  Ecologists as a creative career allows them to discover forests, deserts, Westlands and other ecosystems landscape for conducting detailed research for evaluation purposes to determine how they communicate with the environment and with each other as an entire ecological chain.

Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers are the working professionals who are responsible for tackling and handling the process of chemical production to accelerate or boost the productivity of chemical industries while reducing the overall expenses to gain profitable results.

Employment Sector V/S Industry

An environmental engineering fresher or working professional can look forward to joining private or government associated firms where their role will be to handle and assess the distinct problems related to environmental related science. Further they have to create a cost effective budget to reduce the problems. Environmental Engineers can further carve out a new path as a researcher to accumulate chemicals samples for testing. Last but not the least one can become a professor of this field in the top notch universities to propagate relevant information amongst the students about the theoretical and empirical concepts of Environmental science.

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