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There are many aptitude and interest scales used in psychology - which scales are used in CareerGuide assessment which a career counsellor needs to know.
- Aptitude section has been tailor made and customized according to the basic abilities required to study the four subject streams. This was an effort of Psychologists Career Counselors and subject matter experts. Tests like DAT (Differential Aptitude Test Battery) and DBDA (Davis Battery of Differential Aptitudes) were studied.
DBDA is the closest matching basis of the Aptitudes selected. DAT takes more time as compared to DBDA in administration and scoring. Ease of application as well as appropriateness of content was the basis of selection.
The DAT - The Differential Aptitude Test made by G.K. Bennett, H.G. Seashore, A.G. Wesman measures skills in these tests which offer clear indications of a candidate's strengths and weaknesses. The major abilities measured are
General Cognitive Abilities - Contains Verbal Reasoning and Numerical Ability. These tests measure the ability to learn in either an occupational or training setting, or specifically the ability to learn from books and manuals, self instruction, trainers, teachers, or mentors.
Perceptual Abilities - Abstract Reasoning, Mechanical Reasoning, and Space Relations. Tests abilities that are important when dealing with things, rather than people or words.
Clerical and Language Skills - Spelling, Language Usage, and Clerical Speed and Accuracy. Tests skills necessary to perform various types.
DBDA - The career aptitude test based on the revised David's Battery of Differential Abilities (DBDA) is scientifically designed by the educational and career experts and is recognized as a test of international standards. David's Battery of Differential Abilities (DBDA) tests include the following areas: verbal ability, numerical ability, Clerical ability, spatial ability, closure ability, reasoning ability, Psychomotor ability and lastly, mechanical ability.
The verbal ability tests measures the level of comprehension to words and ideas both on oral and written language.
The numerical ability tests gauges the proficiency in manipulating and playing with numbers and related operations.
The clerical ability is accuracy and speed test.
The spatial ability test is concerned with the skills in perception of spatial patterns with accuracy and is very important in careers such as architecture, interior design, and engineering, to name a few.
Closure ability tests are concerned with measuring the ability to fill in the gaps or missing parts of a whole, which is based on the Gestalt psychology.
Reasoning ability tests and mechanical ability tests measure logic and understanding of the many basic mechanical principles respectively.
Higher level Aptitudes as Psychomotor, closure and Mechanical were not included. More over these are specific and higher level of Aptitudes required for specialized. The testing online of such Aptitudes would not generate appropriate results in this age group or class level.
Interest Section - The famous Holland's code has been kept as the base of interest section. The Holland Codes or the Holland Occupational Themes (RIASEC), developed by the late psychologist John L. Holland, refers to a theory of careers and vocational choice based upon personality types. Each letter or code stands for a particular "type": Realistic (Doers), Investigative (Thinkers), Artistic (Creators), Social (Helpers), Enterprising (Persuaders), and Conventional (Organizers).
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