Rohit Dubey

How many types of Specialists & Doctors are there and what they treat?

by Rohit Dubey
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RE: How many types of Specialists & Doctors are there and what they treat?

Lambodar Rout
Lambodar Rout
Verified Career Expert
Founder & Lead Career Counsellor @
  • New Delhi

Career is the base of a person’s life as a person’s whole life depends upon his/her choice of career. There are a lot of different career fields available and a person often gets confused while choosing the right field for him/her. Even if a person decides the correct field for him/her, but sometimes that person fails in choosing the right area in that field.

For example, if a person is interested in computers and chooses computer as his/her career field, then it is possible that he/she may get confused in choosing the right area inside the vast field of computer as the field of computer offers different areas like software, hardware, programming, database management, ethical hacking, networking, multimedia, web designing etc. Therefore, a person must take utmost care while choosing his/her career path.

Career in Medical field

Today, we will discuss a highly popular and reputable career field. It is one of the vast career fields. Doctors are such people who are respected the most in the society. They are also considered to be the God of Earth as they give people a new life.

Know as well : Career in MBBS - Benefits & Scope in Future

Medical Science is an excessively broad field as it offers a wide range of specialization areas and involves a lot of different areas. A person pursuing medical career can choose to become any particular specialist like, Cardiologist, Ophthalmologist, Pediatrician, Immunologist, Dermatologist, Neurologist, Nephrologist, Pathologist, Plastic Surgeon, Oncologist, Urologist, Obstetrician, Nurse-Midwifery, Orthopedic Surgeon, Diagnostic Radiologist, Rheumatologist, Psychiatrist, Radiation Oncologist, Podiatrist, Otolaryngologist, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon, Gastroenterologist, Internal Medicine Physician, Pulmonary Medicine Physician, Occupational Medicine Physician and a lot more options are available. A person interested in the medical field can choose his/her area of interest comfortably.

Often people think that it is not a big deal to become a doctor. But they are not aware of the reality that for becoming a doctor, a person needs to study a lot. He/she has to overcome all of his/her fears. He/she needs to be extremely patient and understanding. The life of a doctor is full of troubles as a doctor is required to learn to prioritize his/her patients over his/her kiths and kins.

Description of some types of Doctors and Specialists along with the description of what they treat


 A Pediatrician is often called ‘children’s doctor'. This is because a Pediatrician treats infants, children, and adolescents. The work of a Pediatrician includes diagnosing and treating all children’s diseases, infections and injuries. It also includes the counseling of young minds and helps them to cope up with the stress caused due to teenage hormonal changes.


 A Dermatologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats all types of skin disorders, diseases, and infections. A Dermatologist through his/her treatment enables one to achieve healthy and flawless skin.

Orthopedic Surgeon:




 An Orthopedic Surgeon is one who deals with all problems related to bones, joints, muscles etc. The work of an Orthopedic Surgeon includes the treatment of ailments like limb or spine deformities, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, cerebral palsy, bone fracture, arthritis, sciatica etc.

Read Also : What is the best way to get a good rank in NEET and AIIMS? What is the fee structure of MBBS in India?


Oncologists are those doctors who diagnose and treat cancer in patients. Their task is to provide a best possible outcome to cancer patients. Moreover, their task also includes giving counseling to the patients and their families for building their courage and strength.


Psychiatrists are those doctors who treat mental disorders like tension, anxiety, depression, insomnia, trauma, addiction etc. Their task is to diagnose the mental illness and finding out what is disturbing the patient's mind. Then Accordingly, they are required to treat that patient.


 An ophthalmologist is that doctor who is expert in eye problems. An ophthalmologist treats all eye defects including eye infections, eye diseases, and eye injuries. People often misunderstand an Ophthalmologist as the doctor who checks the eyesight and prescribes glasses according to eye power. But such doctors are called Optometrist. The work of an Ophthalmologist is much more than that of an Optometrist.

Know Also : If I read only NCERT thoroughly can I clear AIIMS exam?


Cardiologists are those doctors who diagnose and treat the diseases and disorders of the heart. The task of a cardiologist includes dealing with heart failures, heart attacks, blockage of veins and arteries etc.

For further queries and related information, you can approach the Professional Experts at CareerGuide. Hope this will help you!




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