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MBBS stands for bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery. It is an undergraduate degree in themedical field. The period of this whole course is 5.5 years. In these 5.5 years, 1 year is for aninternship which is obligatory. Students from science stream can go for this degree. Students should have good stamina, along with that they should be patience, should have the ability to work in a team and should be responsible for making their career in MBBS. They have 9 semesters in all. Each semester is 6 months. In this students are learning deeper knowledge of human body through theory as well as practical learning. Those students who are way too intelligent and who have the capability to do well for thehuman race are best to pursue MBBS. A medical degree is never trouble-free. It is to a certain extent much more complicated in comparison to other career fields.
MBBS is divided into 3 phases i.e. pre-clinical, Para-clinical and clinical phase.
Under this, there are 2 semesters, where students study on topics like anatomy, biochemistry, and physiology. Subjects under anatomy include gross anatomy, microanatomy, neuroanatomy and embryology. Subjects under biochemistryinclude biological cell, biomolecules, enzymes, food assimilation and nutrition, hormones, molecular biology, immunology, environmental biochemistry, cancer, and cancer makers. Subjects under physiology include general physiology, nerve muscle, blood, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, nutrition, environmental physiology, reproduction, kidney, neurophysiology and yoga.
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Under this, there are 3 semesters. Subjects covered under this are community medicine, forensic medicine, pathology, pharmacology, microbiology and clinical postings inwards. Now under forensic medicine students will study about forensic pathology, clinical forensic medicine, forensic sciences, and forensic psychiatry after this toxicology is another topic which students study. Under microbiology, following topics are there; introduction to bacteriology, bacterial staining and cultivation, introduction to parasitological, introduction to virology, laboratory diagnosis of viral infection, introduction to microbiology, host-parasite relationship, immunity to infection, bacterial and viral genetics, vaccines, sterilisation and disinfection, bacteriology of water and air and gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites.
Then under pathology topics covered are inflammation and repair, circulatory disturbances, immunopathology, infectious diseases, cardiovascular pathology, respiratory pathology, hematopathology, urinary tract pathology, liver and biliary tract pathology, reproductive system, osteopath logy, endocrine pathology and neuropathology. Community medicine includes behavioural sciences, health education, environment, biostatics, epidemiology, nutrition, maternal and child health, rehabilitation, important national health programmes, occupational health, health administration and health economics
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In this rest 4 semesters, topics covered are community medicine, dermatology, surgery and allied subjects such as anesthesiology, E.N.T, orthopaedics etc. Under dermatology, course content is infestations, allergic disorders, ineffective dermatoses, hereditary disorders, dermatological emergencies, syphilis, vesiculobullous diseases, melanin synthesis and treatment and control of leprosy.
Course content covered under topic medicine is principle of medical ethics, clinical diagnostic reasoning, principles of prevention of diseases, medical disorders during pregnancy, principles of geriatric medicine, care of terminally ill or dying patient, principles of drug therapy, adverse drug reactions, monitoring drug therapy, nutritional assessment and needs, diet therapy, metabolic disorders, acid-base disorders, pain management such as general principles of pain, assessment and treatment of pain, medical psychiatry, major manifestations are anxiety symptoms, alcohol misuse, misuse of drugs, depressive symptoms etc., clinical syndromes, poisonings, specific environmental and occupational hazards, immune response and infections such as bacterial infections, protozoal infections, Mycobacterium diseases, viral infections, fungal infections etc.
Other topics are cardiovascular system, respiratory system, kidney system, gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the pancreas, liver tract diseases, metabolism, thyroid gland, reproductive system, adrenal glands, endocrine pancreas, pituitary gland, haematological disorders, and disorders of immune system, connective tissue and joints, skin diseases, neurological diseases.
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Next topic is obstetrics and gynaecology, under which students study about basic sciences, obstetrics, gynaecology, contraception, neonatology and recent advances. Then after studying ophthalmology students will have knowledge of common problems of theeye, themagnitude of blindness in India, eye bank organisations, role of primary health centres, microbiology in relation to theeye, pathology in relation to theeye, refractive errors and method of correction.
Thus there are various topics you would be studying while doing MBBS. The course is wide, so one needs to be really attentive and should have a focused mind for studying MBBS.
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