what is the difference between career in public administration and career in HRM

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3 answers

RE: what is the difference between career in public administration and career in HRM

Meghna Mukherjee
Meghna Mukherjee
Verified Career Expert
Counselor at Adaptive Minds
  • Mumbai

Hi Purva,

Interesting question and thank you for asking this question.

Firstly please note that here in India, majorly the corporates do not much differentiate between a Public Administrator and an HR. They corelate both the fields. Many a times, we also notice that few corporates describe an HR job as an Admin job. Though admin is a part of the job, but HR is a role in itself.

As such please note that both a Public Administrator and an HR both are into managing people and their related issues.

But a Public Administrator unit , helps building a public unit / agency that addresses public issues. In-Short they are the face of the people, as they work for the public being at the head that is at government organization or an NGO etc.

They may focus also on certain financial issues as well as create budget too. They can be addressing different sectors right from:

  • Hospitality Industry
  • Service Sector

Though an HR works mainly in the particular corporate that hires them for benefiting the employees.

Hope this helps

Wish you good luck....

RE: what is the difference between career in public administration and career in HRM

Dr. Anand Wadadekar, PhD
Dr. Anand Wadadekar, PhD

Dear Aspirant,

Public Administration and HRM are two different things and career options.

Public Administration is highly government oriented career option where you will be employed in government departments, secretariats, ministries, etc. You will be working under the department head may be a IAS officer or a gazattee officer. There are courses in Public Administration / Public Policy / Political Science.

HRM is all about Human resource management, development, training. Of course there are positions in HRM in government jobs as well but very limited.

HRM is mostly with the private sector and semi private sector. In this you will be dealing with payroll, recruitment, training, appraisals, etc of the employees / staff of the concerned organisation you work with.

Choosing between the two is not easy though, however I would suggest you to take the Ideal Career Test from CareerGuide.com which will help you know your real aptitude, interests, likings and passion.

Best wishes


RE: what is the difference between career in public administration and career in HRM

Prathamesh Kapote
Prathamesh Kapote
Verified Career Expert
Founder And Director At Canvas Career
  • Nasik

Hello Purva,

Welcome to CareerGuide.com!!!

I hope you have been doing well.

Thanks for visiting us and writing us your career query.

Answering your career query both the fields Public Administration and HRM are quite different.

Public Administration is a central government job i.e Indian Administrative Services (IAS). One who aspires to make a career in the Central Government ie. in civil services those students they opt for making a career in IAS,IPS,IFS etc.In order to make a career in civil services one needs to complete their graduation from any stream with minimum 55%. A candidate gets eligible to apply for the Union Public Service Commission Exam (UPSC). This exam is conducted in three phases -

1. CSAT exam. This is an objective type exam. It has negative marking system. This is a qualifying exam for UPSC MAIN. The marks of this exam are not considered during the merit list.

2.UPSC Main exam - This is an descriptive exam.

3.Personal Interview.

A candidate can apply for the exam at the last year of graduation or on completing the graduation.

IAS is a Central government post and is considered to be one of the highly reputed profile in the country. One who wish to serve the society and the country for them this is one of the best career option.


Human Resource Management is a field wherein one looks for the end to end recruitment,staffing,making appraisals of the employees,analysing the strengths and weaknesses of the employee and channelizing the same in the right direction for the development of the organisation or company. In order to make a career in this field one can opt for the Human Resource Management specialisation in MBA after completing the Graduation from any stream or one can also go for the MPM -Masters in Personel Management program. MPM is a prgram specially designed for the candidates who wish to make their career in Human Resource. A Human Resource person works in the IT,Education,Manufacturing,Airlines etc. sectors. Apart from Masters program in Human Resource their are also various PG Diploma Progames that one can opt for.


I hope you are clear with both the fields and their career perspectives.


If you still have any career query you can write us back.


Wish you Good Luck for your bright future career life.


Thank You



Prathamesh Kapote





RE: what is the difference between career in public administration and career in HRM

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