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For becoming biological scientist what stream to choose after 10th standard
To become a biological scientist , one has to pursue science ( Physics, Chemistry & Biology) through class 11 & 12 of Indian System of Education recognized by the Government or its equivalent , graduation , post graduation and a doctoral programme .
Biological sciences is the study of living beings i.e. animals & plants. The study of plants is termed as botany and that of animals as zoology. There are number of branches within each subject , such as cell biology, bio chemistry, microbiology, ecology, genetics and bio statistics. Most universities offer these courses at graduate or post graduate level .
For pursuing research in Indian universities the requisite qualification is post graduate degree with or without UGC-CSIRor NET score. Candidates who obtain these scores are entitled for scholarships to supportthem in pursuing research in any institution. Those who have the required and above score with an aptitude for research have opportunities at CSIR labs spread across the country, the labs including CCMB, Hyderabad, ICRISAT, Hyderabad, NCL Pune, NPL Jammu, SIMAP, CDRI Lucknow, NIM Delhi www.nimindia.net/and CLRI Chennai www.clri.org/. Among other university departments; research centres , the leading resaerch institutions in India also offer research positions such as research officers and scientists of various grades. The institutes are Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Indian Institute of Technology, IAERI, TIFT and NBPGR in Delhi www.nbpgr.ernet.in/. There are also specialized research institutions , which offer such positions at CMFRI, cochin and FDRI Mysore.
Very good question, this is the right time to understand your capacity for a particular subject so you will start to incubate it with your motivation, dedication, competitiveness and overall your interest.
As you are awarded that biology - botany and zoology is the primary requirement in general but many examples are there in exception that one can realize the goal irrespective of fundamental facts.
Many nobel laurates are the examples to inspire you but it is relevent to the late joinee, as we know mathematicians, engineers from all the disciplines are joining biological sciences and serving the humanity with multidisciplinary or trans-disciplinary approach.
Now come to the point how to prepare to be a biological scientist:
First you have to take up biology at 12th level not for the sake of qualifying the exam rather understand it with interest and then solve the analytical questions with the help of your teacher. Please be awarded that chemistry, physics and maths are also equally important for doing the biological studies. After all it a core natural -flora and fauna study so that entire natural (living and neutral) aspects must be understood.
After 12th you can prepare for the following entrance test: AIPMT conducted by CBSE, CPMT at state level, AFMC conducted by defence service, AIEEE/IIT-JEE for biotech engineering or other engineering courses at B.Tech and M.Tech level.
Similarly you can join B.Sc / B.Sc Hons or B.Pharma / B. Nutraceuticals / other medicine related or biology related subject/ B.Sc agriculture/ B.Sc Forestry/ B.Sc Clinical research and many more programs are available to join the tertiary program of biology that is top notch for the scientist. Be assured that competition is very tough to get it done from any prestigious institution so your preparation is critical at each and every level while getting admission or while passing the semester based examination to obtain the degree.
After being a graduate at B.Tech/B.Sc/B.Sc hon level now opt out Master degree program in your respective subject which must be coherent otherwise your basic studies will go in vain. In some cases after B.Tech you can join any research organization either in private or public forum and get the appointment letter of scientist.
People are required to obtain higher degree -Ph.D, Post-doc to understand science in specialized manner --medicine research, plant biotech, cancer research, immune, etc.
All the best
Dear student to be a biological scientist just follow the steps below:
Complete your schooling with excellent performance in all the subjects which is the first requirement at elementary level before joining inter college are college.
Based on your interest and of course your interest driven subject biology must be giving you boost and confidence to go ahead at 12th level. Either take Biology (Botany and Zoology) as main course or stream and then also opt biology as optional and complementary course for future growth. Physics, Chemistry and language are the essential ingredients in the curriculum as these subjects cime under natural sciences which gives you primary support to your understanding of biology. It will be realized at advance level so develop the futuristic and interesting approach for all these mentioned subjects above along with your main course of interest biology.
With deep interest, effort, and competency you will be scoring distinction and then go ahead for under graduate level of studies in biology which will be specialized step by step where you will spend more time in biological sciences along with other subsidiary courses -chemistry and zoologyphysics and maths will be asides due to biological modules as the main course in multiple specializations. Accordingly you will obtain B.Sc or B.Sc hons in Botany/zoology/Biochemistry etc.
Professional degree courses based on technology like B.Tech in Biotechnology, Marine engineering, nanao technology, food technology etc. which requires math as well as biology both at elementary level and institutes like IIT offers you engineering degree in Biotechnology. It is also one of the way to achieve the higher degree in Biotechnology.
Now at PG level you are more specialized so you are attaining the top level with narrowing down your poin of specialized interest. After PG you need to qualify certain exams to achieve the credential in research as well as academics like NET-JRF/ SRF conducted by CSIR, UGC, ICMR, ICAR etc or GATE exam for Biotech engineer. These qualification will lead you to the phillosphical world in sciences and technology where you will be conferred doctorate in specialized are of interest and then you will be certified as researcher or scientist or professor. Govt of India will employ you, many industries will employ you with full benefits and you can realize your dream.
After 10th make your decision based on your personal judgement and interest which is probably reflect in your marksheet or transcript and accordingly you will be given further admission in biological sciences at 12th level. Now students from maths background joining biology in different format which is specfically designed in technological format and degrees are offered as btech/mtech and degree holders are called engineer in specfic module.
After 12th go for IIT-JEE or AIEE or other relevant competitions which suits your background and join biology in any format as mentioned above.
Understand Botany and Zoology as the elementary subjects and also read the complete set of physics, chemistry and maths to claim the biological sciences and technology in proper manner otherwise you will be struggling after join it.
Once you qualify IIT-JEE you will be given admission in any of he IITs in India and you will obtain B.Tech and will be employed as an engineer in any research organization. Moreover you can join as scientist to carry out the research, organization like ISRO, DRDO can employ you. As you know the standard of this prestigious exam which requires at least ninety percent at 12th level and cut off marks for final selection is very high so be prepared accordingly.
AIEE requires the same preperation which enables you for btech in NIT or any other private organization like BITS Pilani, BIT Mesra, SRM, AMITY, and othe rinstitutes for biotech study.
Above mentioned universities have the various programs in biology designed to the requirement of industry where you can take admission and spend three to four years. These Universities offers you very good exposures as well as having placement cell to help your for the campus placement.
After B.tech/m.tech or B.Sc/M.Sc one can go for higher studies to join higher level of positions in biology. As per suitability one must qualify CSIR-JRF, UGC-NET, ICAR, ICMR and then join Ph.D. These qualification leads you to the higher education at premium organizations like JNU/ Delhi University/ IISER/IISc/NIT/IITs/ DBT or DST or CSIR sponsored research institutes recognised as deemed university confer you Ph.D degree.Based on the given instruction you can think of any option and join biology after 10th.Best Manoj
Dear Aspirant, a biological scientist needs to study biology subject/s after 10 standard or starting itself from 10th standandard. Well, let me first explain you what a Biological Scientist is? A biological scientist is person who study the biological aspetcs of things, obviously the living things, it could be plants or animals or minute organisms.
After 10 standard you have to choose Bioogy as one of the subject along with other subjects, if you choose chemistry and physics (normally this this the combination of subjects as per the CBSE) then you will be eligible to take biology subjects in graduation.In grduation, there are many options for the Bioloical subjects, such as Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Botany, Zoology, Environmental Sciences. You have to choose at least one these subject along with other optional or compulsory subjects. After good marks in graduation, now a master degree (MSc) is must, here specialization of subjects will let you know more about the things. For example you may choose Microbiology (if you want to study about the microorganisms), biochemistry (if you want to know about the biology and chemistry of living being), Biotechnology (if you want to study the technological aspects of Biology), Botany (if you plan to study about plants). Another better option could be that after 12, you may choose a Bachelor of Technology (BTech) degree instead of simple graduation (BSc), this will open a better job avenues for you compared to a simple degree holder. Here you have to do Masters in Technology (MTech). The common courses for BTech and MTech are Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. After completion of Masters degree a doctoral degree is must to become a scientist in Biology. A doctoral degree will give you an idea how to carry out research program independently and logically. This is a degree and a training program, so that a scientist or researcher can carry out research independently. Indian universitities do not offer a degree in Biology, they usually offers degree in the subjects, wjich I mentioned abobe. Most of the western universities offer Master and doctoral degree in Biology. After obtaining a doctoral degree you will be eligible to apply for the post of Lecturer, scientist or assistant Professor. Then your hard work and type of work will fulfill the dream of Scientist in Biology.Good Luck...
I appreciate your interest in becoming a Biological scientist and for this very high ambition it is required to reach studying to a doctorate level in Biology. There are many ways that you can do to become a biological scientist in future. As you are just 10th class completed you have two options to choose in 11th and 12th. You should get above 60% overall in both 10th and 12th.
First is the PCB Physics chemistry and biology stream. This stream will give you options to study BSc degrees like the Bsc Biology, Bsc chemistry, Bsc Biochemistry, botany, zoology, biotechnology, medical biotechnology, genetics, micro biology or molecular biology. Whatever you choose at the BSc level, aim to score a minimum first class in it. After this Bsc, you can choose to study the MSc degree in the same stream. After Msc degree you should write UGC NET exam to be qualified to apply for a Doctorate degree in Biology. With a BSc, MSc, UGC NET you are qualified to apply for a PhD degree in Biology or related bio disciplines that i mentioned above. After studying this phD degree you are known as a scientist in biology or in the stream you have specialised in your PhD. Some students also study MSc integrated Biology/ Biotechnology directly after 12th standard and such students are also eligible for applying a PhD with a UGC NET score. If you also want stipend during your PhD, then you should appear for UGC JRF exam and qualifying this exam will give you a monthly stipend of 12000 to 18000 depending on the institute.
The above route is applicable for PCB students in school level. Alternatively if you like maths as also then you can study PCMB route in 11th and 12th. Physics, chemistry, maths and biology are desirable subjects and most importantly biology and maths are the important subjects to qualify you for a four year professional engineering degree related to Biology. If you score a minimum 60% in 12th in this group, therefore you will be eligible to study BTech biotechnology/ industrial biotechnology/ medical biotechnology/ genetic engineering/ pharmaceutical engineering and technology, bio bioinformatics, bio nano technology and bio medical engineering. You can choose your favorite subject to study as this four year degree. After Btech you can then study Mtech in the related discipline. After MTech then you can qualify for a PhD in similar line of your Mtech. Completing a PhD you can work as a scientist in biology or biotechnology.
All the best.
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