Rohit Dubey

How to become a teacher for primary and high schools? Detailed procedure and requirements for the same

by Rohit Dubey
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RE: How to become a teacher for primary and high schools? Detailed procedure and requirements for the same

Surabhi Dewra
Surabhi Dewra
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Whenever we think about a teacher, a myriad of images and thoughts of our childhood cross our mind. If we try to connect dots to our school days, we can visualize ourselves playing the role of our teachers and trying to mimic them. A teacher is a role model in the life of a school student. Teaching is a profession in which education needs growth and modernization time to time. It's a profession which requires patience, skills, dedication, hard work and creativity. One can pursue his career as a teacher if he is interested in this field or can work as a volunteer to help the underprivileged. Here, we are going to pen down the journey to become a teacher for primary and high schools:

Determine the level of teaching:

At first, one should determine the level for teaching as per his interests and skills.

  • Primary schools cover the children from grade 1 to grade 8 (ages between 6 to 14).
  • High school covers the classes 9th and 10th (ages 14 to 16)

If one wants to teach higher classes, it requires stringent qualification and specialized courses.

Choose subjects for teaching:

One should choose the subjects in which he finds him capable of teaching. One should know how to instruct in a specific field. Bachelor's degree is a must for pursuing teaching as a career.

  • Primary school subjects include English, Hindi, Social Science, Science, Maths as main subjects. Some other subjects which are taught at this level are Moral education, Computer Science, General Knowledge, Second languages such as French and Sanskrit, Arts and Craft, Music and Dance.
  • Secondary school or high school subjects include Hindi, English, foreign languages such as French, Math, Science and technology, history, geography, civics, arts, physical education, and health. Elective vocational training and music are also offered to the students at this level.

Having an appropriate degree:

Teaching requires different levels of degree depending upon the level of middle or high school teaching.

  • Primary school teaching requires Ted.(Diploma in teaching education), a 2-year diploma program having a 12th pass as a minimum qualification.
  • "D.Ed. course specifically teaches and trains one on how to handle young children which just any graduation course does not do. If they don't know the psychology of the children how will they handle them in the classroom?", uttered, Nitin Upasani (administrative officer of the education department).
  • High school teaching requires Ed.(Bachelor in Education), 2-years degree program having Bachelor's degree in Arts or science stream (B.A. Or B.Sc.) as a minimum qualification. 

Teacher Training courses:

One should go for various teacher training courses to join primary or high schools apart from having a graduation degree.

  • NTT (Nursery Teacher Training): These tests are conducted for the one who wishes to join playschool or pre-primary schools.
  • PTT (Primary Teacher Training): These tests are conducted for the aspirants who wants to join primary schools (class 1 to 5) for teaching. This is a 2-year regular program for being a PRT teacher. One should be 12th pass as minimum qualification to be eligible for this program.
  • Other courses: One who wants to teach higher classes can pursue PGT and TGT courses after passing Master's degree. One can also do vocational courses to get benefits of a specific field.


Eligibility tests need to crack for teaching:

As per Right to Education Act norms, it has become mandatory to pass teacher eligibility tests to join in a school as a teacher. The objective behind this is to provide quality schooling and trained staff to bring excellence in academics for the students. Various public and private schools are recruiting only those teachers who have cracked any of these exams of late:

  • TET (Teacher Eligibility Test): Every state conducts its own TET exam at the primary and secondary levels of teaching. These tests are conducted by NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education) after passing D.Ed. Or B.Ed. One can clear this test within a period of 5 years from the time the test is first notified.


  • CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test): To qualify for central government or private schools, one has to clear CTET exams. These tests were conducted by NCTE but in 2011, these tests were conducted by CBSE board for the first time. 

Both CTET and TET exams are conducted in two parts: one is for those who want to become a teacher in classes I to V and the other for classes VI to VIII. Candidates who want to teach in elementary and senior schools need to clear both tests. One should score more than 60% to qualify the exam as per NCTE norms.

Areas of Teaching field:

One can apply in various government and public schools to follow teaching as a career option.

  • Government schools require specific qualification and eligibility tests to enter for teaching. Public schools usually offer better pay scale, benefits and promotional opportunities for a bright career scope.
  • In private schools, it's easy to have a kick-start in them. It requires basic qualifications along with some basic eligibility tests. Students in such schools usually come from an educational background and have a good scholastic approach.
  • Teaching abroad is an another great opportunity to follow with. Some international organizations facilitate Indian school teachers to temporarily assign them for foreign education. Usually, it's a job on a voluntary basis, less paid or remunerated only with travel and living expenses.
  • Online tutors: In digital education era, One can have the option to become an online tutor for various educational websites. One can get paid on hourly basis. One has to teach as per subjects and 1:1 student ratio.


Expected Salary for teachers in India:

In India, pay scale in teaching profession highly depends upon a local city, school brand, subject, and experience. Teaching subjects such as Psychology, Foreign languages and TOK (Theory of Knowledge) offers higher pay scale as compared to other subject teachers.

  • At an entry level, one can get INR 3k to 5k per month at small scale schools.
  • A TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher) teacher can get INR 12k to 20k as a starting salary per month.
  • A PGT (Post Graduate Teacher) teacher may expect INR 20k-25k per month. High standard schools may offer between INR 45k to 1lakh per month depending upon the experience.
  • A Vice-principal can get up to INR 50k – 70k per month after 8-10 years of experience.
  • A Principal can earn more than INR 1lakhs per month based on the teaching organization.
  • In Government sectors, the pay scale for teachers is based on pay commission scales.


Future scope:

Teaching is a rewarding career. One can start his career in this field as a primary or high school teacher. After years of experience, one may get the opportunity to rise up to be a department head, vice- principal and finally after gaining more than 10 years of experience one may get the post of a school principal. Apart from this, one can pursue doctoral studies to teach in college or universities. One can also work as a foreign language expert in various corporate firms. Teaching is not everyone's cup of tea, but hard work, communication and presentation skills, creativity and experience may lead one to the acme of success. One can also work as a volunteer in NGO, educational institutes, counseling sectors, humanitarian law firms, corporate and computer soft skills trainer and much more. One should always remember that the sky is the limit to spread one's wings.


Required skills in teaching field:

Along with educational qualification, a teacher required effective and soft skills. One should have empathy and care to deal with students. Self-confidence, enthusiasm, creativity and dynamism would lead teaching profession at an edge. Public speaking and teamwork are also required for being a promising teacher. One should have the capability to soil one's hands by constant learning and innovative practices in a  way of sharing and implementing practical lessons. Teaching is a demanding profession which requires time for management and organization skills. One should have the ability to convince parents, students and senior staff to implement your new ideas and should know how to resolve conflicts raised in a school. One should have the aim to provide holistic learning to the students to raise them as a good samaritan. On the whole, the role of a teacher in student's life is unpredictable.

It's well said by a prominent historian: ‘A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops. -  Sir Henry Adams

For further queries and related information, you can approach the Professional Experts at CareerGuide. Hope this will help you!

RE: How to become a teacher for primary and high schools? Detailed procedure and requirements for the same

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Caching Date: 7/6/2022 4:33:11 AM