Pooja Mishra

What after 10th? Introduction to the different streams you can choose from and excel in.

by Pooja Mishra
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RE: What after 10th? Introduction to the different streams you can choose from and excel in.

Meghna Mukherjee
Meghna Mukherjee
Verified Career Expert
Counselor at Adaptive Minds
  • Mumbai

Hello Pooja,

A generic question asked. Though I am listing down streams you can opt for after 10th. But please note to excel in any particular stream, you need to choose a stream based on your interest, your ability and potentials. 

Before you make a choice, do a self analysis as to what are your strengths, your line of interest, activities towards which you show a natural inclination towards and subjects you like to go indepth with but not based on the marks you score. Follow this with an Aptitude test or career counseling test, which would reveal your interest and aptitude and help you make a determined choice.

Coming to your question. Streams after 10th includes:

  • The common stream that includes admission to Science, Commerce or ARTS for 11th and 12th
  • Diploma in Engineering, a 3 years course ( Preferable if followed by Graduation after completing Diploma. Diploma holders have a chance of lateral entry into the 2nd year degree course)
  • Diploma in Designing, a 3 years course  ( Preferable if followed by Graduation after completing Diploma. Diploma holders have a chance of lateral entry into the 2nd year degree course)
  • Certificate courses in interior deigning, fashion designing, etc
  • Courses in IT / NIIT. But pursuing graduation through correspondence is a must.

Hope this helps. Do write back if any other information needed.

Wish you good luck.............


RE: What after 10th? Introduction to the different streams you can choose from and excel in.

Surabhi Dewra
Surabhi Dewra
Verified Career Expert
Hiring for wordpress developer / HR managers / Operations/ content
  • New Delhi

After completing the first battle of Board exams of class 10th, it's time for a new beginning to underlay future career for students. It is the time where various hopes and dreams are awaiting with arms outstretched. The only requirement is to identify your own interests and follow the stream as per your skills. The criteria is to get complete knowledge about each stream and then introspect yourself with each and every field that how much you give your best for a particular field and then follow up with your decision. It is possible one has an interest in science subjects, but he scores high in social science. In that case, one has to keep in mind about his inherent skills before choosing a career option. If a student chooses the stream following his peers, later he regrets his decision and doesn’t perform well in the selected stream. This is the most crucial decision for a student as the whole future depends on this initial stage. Many questions arise at this stage in all students’ mind such as:

  • Which stream should I choose after 10th?
  • Which subject combination will be the best fit for me after 10th?
  • Should I go for coaching of competitive exams or not and where?
  • Should I go for a State Board or CBSE or ICSE Board?
  • Should I go to regular classes or distant education?
  • Should I go for short term diploma course or a complete traditional degree program?

For any Confusion Regarding Career Paths – Take here: Psychometric Career Tests including Ideal Career Test

Students should choose the stream as per their own interests and know about their capabilities by using various aptitude tests. They should have a complete knowledge of the stream which they are going to opt. Students should choose wisely rather than go with the family or friends’ opinion. Here, we introduce the complete guide for all the streams which help students to choose from and then excel in.

The mainstream areas are Science, Commerce and Humanities. These streams are categorized under various subject options and different course structure.


Science stream deals with two streams, one is medical science and the other is engineering. Students have to choose six subjects in which English is a compulsory language subject.


Medical Stream: This field includes Physics, Chemistry and Biology as a subject combination.

Non-medical: This field includes subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Maths as a combination.

Biotechnology: For biochemistry, one should have Physics, Chemistry, Biotechnology with mathematics as the main core subject.

Educational Prospects:

Science is the most lucrative and fascinating stream which requires systematic study, high scores, hard work, strong determination and capability to study well. One can’t choose this stream if he has no interest in Maths or Biology. This stream offers various career options in medical and engineering fields. This stream includes theoretical aspects along with an investigation of various observations and practical lab experiences.

Competitive exams after 10th:

Students can start preparing for various competitive exams which students can pursue after class 12th. The list is far wide, but here are few important competitive exams for science stream:

JEE, SRMEEE, IPU CET, EAMCET, VITEEE, JCECE, IIT, NIIT are some of the entrance exams for engineering students

AFMC, AIIMS MBBS, AIPMT, AIPGMEE, BHU ALL INDIA PMT, DUMET, JIPMER, UGET, BAMS, BHMS are some of the main entrance exams for medical students


Commerce is a best option for the students who are good in maths and have capabilities for financial sector. This field will lead towards a future career related to trade, commerce, business, finance, banking etc.

Educational Prospects:

This stream is preferred by those students who want to give their career a kick start in various banking, financing, accounting sectors and seeking for bright chances of early employment and want to be an entrepreneur. Students have to choose six subjects among which English is a compulsory language subject and other subjects are optional.

The Core subjects combination in this stream will be Business Studies, Economics, Accountancy, Mathematics, Business Law and Computers.

Optional subjects: Auditing, Cost Accounting, Income Tax, Marketing, Business Communication, Business Finance, Informatics Practices are some of the optional subjects that students may choose along with compulsory subjects.

The most popular graduate courses for commerce stream are B.Com, BBA, BMS, BBM, CFP and more.

Competitive exams after 10th:

Various competitive exams can be pursued by the students after class 10th such as CA, CS, ICWA, CFA, CFP, Business Studies. Various affiliated institutes and universities are providing foundation courses related to each field


Humanities or we can say arts is the stream which offers the widest scope with exciting opportunities. Students can choose various combinations with subjects such as History, Geography, Sociology, Political Science, Psychology, Anthropology, Human Resources, Journalism, Literature, Religion, Performing Arts and much more. Students have to choose two language subjects among which English is a compulsory language subject. Hindi and Sanskrit are optional language subjects, students have to choose one out of them.

Educational Prospects:

Students who know how to grab knowledge from each and every situation can go for humanities stream as a perfect career choice. There are wide options for art students to start their career. If a student is willing to crack civil service exams for being an IAS, IPS, IFS officer. Choosing humanities will be the best fit for them. This field requires academic discipline along with an analytical, critical and speculative study of human condition based on various methodologies.

Competitive exams after 10th:

Humanities stream students can start preparing for various entrance exams after class 12th. For teaching, students may prepare for IIT HSEE, CSSET, CSAET, TISS BAT, TISS NET, DUDSE entrance exams and for law, they can prepare for CLAT, AILET, LSAT, UGET.

Industrial Training Courses:


Various institutes provide industrial training courses to 10th pass students who are interested in technical jobs but can’t afford ducks and drakes on a traditional 3-4 years degree program. Students may opt for ITI course at a low cost. After completing 1-year ITI course, they can get admission in polytechnic institutes for various diploma courses.

Non-conventional Courses:

These practical courses are a perfect option for the students who have some personal or financial issues and can't go for further studies. Various affiliated institutes offer designing courses such as Interior Designing, Jewellery Designing, Cyber Law, Fire and Safety, Fashion Designing, etc. These institutes also offer job placements along with these courses. Various government affiliated, local and private institutes offer these courses through training and skill development. Students can earn diploma during the first year of studies and after that they can go for advanced diploma courses during the second year. After completing all the six semesters, they will get a bachelor degree for vocational courses. They can take admissions for vocational courses even after 10th.

Polytechnic courses:

Students who don’t want to go for IIT may pursue polytechnic courses for bright career options. These are basically engineering or technical courses which may be pursued after class 10th. After doing diploma in polytechnic, students can also get direct admission to the second year of a degree program after passing the entrance exam. After completing full 3-year course, students can get direct admission in the B.Tech (second year).

Paramedical courses:

After 10th, some paramedical courses can also be followed by the students such as a Dietician, Dialysis Technician, X-ray Technician, Lab Technician, Health Inspector, Nursing, Ophthalmic Technician and more.

Short term Courses:

Along with other degree programs, students may follow some certified short term courses to refine their skills and for getting various job opportunities. These courses may span from 3 to 6 months and these can be maximized for a 1-year duration.

KVPY Course:

Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojna (KVPY) is a national level competitive exam for the students after passing class 10th. This is a national fellowship program offered by the government of India (Department of Science and Technology). Students who want to pursue research careers in Science, this course is the best option for them. After clearing the entrance exam, students can get admission to this 5-year master program at the Indian Institute for Science Education and Research.

To identify the perfect skills and self-knowledge, career counselors provide various psychometric tests. These tests will help you in exploring the best subject options as per your interests and skills. For getting clarity in your goals these tests will prove as a big support to the students. These tests will also guide you to understand different prospects of a field and support you to take a right career decision.

RE: What after 10th? Introduction to the different streams you can choose from and excel in.

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