ICC Full Form: About, History, Role & more

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The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body for the sport of cricket. The main objectives of the ICC include the development and enforcement of competition laws, the organization of major cricket events and the development of the sport at all levels. The ICC plays a key role in the organization of prestigious tournaments such as the ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy, which attract great global attention and showcase the pinnacle of cricket talent. With its wide reach and influence, the ICC continues to play a key role in shaping the future of cricket as a truly global and respected sport.

What is ICC?

ICC stands for International Cricket Council and is the global governing body for the sport of cricket. The ICC is responsible for overseeing and organizing international cricket events, establishing the rules and regulations of the game, and promoting the development of cricket around the world. The ICC is made up of member countries, each of which is represented by a national cricket committee. Associate members have a wide range of international cricket opportunities and are required to qualify to participate in major tournaments such as the ICC Cricket World Cup. The ICC’s mission also extends to the development and promotion of the sport in non-traditional cricket regions, providing financial and technical assistance to emerging cricket nations and supporting grassroots programs to develop young talent. In summary, the International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body of cricket, overseeing and regulating the sport on an international level, striving to preserve the spirit of the game while promoting its growth and popularity around the world.

History of ICC

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body for the sport of cricket. Then, in 1989, the ICC adopted its current name, the International Cricket Council, to better reflect its global role in the governance of cricket. One of the significant milestones in the history of the ICC was the admission of associate and associate members in the 1970s, allowing smaller cricket nations to compete in international competitions. The move played a key role in the global development of cricket, spurring the growth of the sport in various regions. In 1975, the ICC launched its most prestigious tournament, the Cricket World Cup, where the best nations in cricket competed for the title. In addition to the Cricket World Cup, the ICC hosts other major tournaments such as the ICC T20 World Cup, the ICC Champions Trophy and the ICC Women’s Cricket World Cup, all of which have contributed to the popularity and commercial success of the sport. The ICC has also contributed to the growth of women’s cricket. Over the years, women’s cricket has come a long way and has become an integral part of world cricket. A commitment to innovation, development and inclusivity has made cricket one of her most popular and watched sports around the world, attracting fans of all cultures and generations.

Responsibilities of ICC

The ICC is responsible for many aspects of cricket governance and development. These rules cover all aspects of the sport, such as play, player conduct, equipment specifications and court conditions.

  • Rankings and Ratings: The ICC maintains rankings and ratings of cricket teams and players in various formats (Test, One-Day International, T20) based on their performance.
  • Anti-corruption and integrity: The International Criminal Court is committed to maintaining the integrity of sport and fighting corruption.
  • Appointment of umpires and umpires: The ICC appoints match officials, including umpires and umpires, for international cricket competitions to ensure fair play and compliance with the rules.
  • Media and Broadcast Rights: The ICC manages media and broadcast rights for international cricket events, allowing fans around the world to watch matches through authorized channels.
  • Development of Women’s Cricket: The ICC focuses on the growth and development of women’s cricket by supporting women’s teams and competitions to increase the visibility and popularity of the women’s game.
  • Cricket Commission: The ICC has a Cricket Commission which discusses and proposes changes to the rules, playing conditions and other aspects of the game.

Role of ICC in World's Cricket Development

The International Cricket Council (ICC) plays a key role in the development of world cricket As the world governing body of the sport, the ICC`s primary objective is to promote, organize and regulate cricket at the international level. One of the ICC’s key tasks is to promote the growth of cricket in different regions and countries around the world. By providing financial assistance, technical assistance and resources, the ICC helps these countries improve the standards of cricket and become more competitive on the world stage. Overall, the ICC’s tireless efforts in developing cricket have contributed significantly to the growth and popularity of the sport around the world. The ICC continues to drive the development of cricket as a truly global phenomenon by fostering talent, expanding cricket opportunities and ensuring the inclusiveness of the game.

Working style of ICC

As of the last update in September 2021, the International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body of cricket. Their primary mission is to regulate and develop games around the world. While we can’t provide real-time information on their current style of work in 2023, we can describe their overall style of work based on historical practices through 2021.

Regulation and Governance– Sets and enforces rules and regulations of cricket.<br>- Oversees playing conditions, equipment standards, and disciplinary codes.<br>- Manages player conduct, match-fixing, and anti-doping policies to maintain sport integrity.
Global Representation– Comprises member boards representing cricket-playing nations around the world.<br>- Major cricketing nations have more influence due to their prominence in the sport.
Tournaments and Events– Organizes and oversees major cricketing events such as ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, and ICC Champions Trophy.<br>- Conducts various regional tournaments.
Development and Growth– Focuses on promoting cricket in associate and affiliate member countries to expand the sport’s global reach.<br>- Provides funding, resources, and development programs to support these nations.
Women’s Cricket– Actively promotes women’s cricket and aims to give it equal prominence and support as men’s cricket.<br>- Organizes Women’s Cricket World Cup and T20 events.
Technology and Innovations– Embraces technology in cricket, such as Decision Review System (DRS), to assist umpires in making correct decisions.<br>- Constantly explores innovative ideas to improve the game.
Anti-Corruption Measures– Takes measures to combat match-fixing and corrupt practices within the sport.<br>- Collaborates with national boards and law enforcement agencies to maintain credibility.
Communication and Media– Engages with fans, media, and stakeholders through various communication channels.<br>- Uses social media, official websites, press releases, and press conferences to disseminate information.


Full Form Board of Control for Cricket in India International Cricket Council
Role Governing body for cricket in India Global governing body for cricket
Membership Full member board Association of cricket-playing nations
Headquarters Mumbai, India Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Formation 1928 1909
Purpose Promote, regulate, and develop cricket in India Develop, administer, and promote cricket worldwide
Tournaments Conducts domestic and international cricket tournaments in India, including the Indian Premier League (IPL) Organizes global tournaments such as the Cricket World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy, World Twenty20, etc.
Voting Power Considerable influence in ICC decision-making processes Governs and regulates international cricket policies
Finances Rich financial resources, primarily driven by the popularity of cricket in India Relies on contributions from member boards and revenue generated from ICC events
Jurisdiction Cricket activities within India Cricket activities worldwide
Member Countries Does not include other cricket boards Includes cricket boards from various countries
Anti-Corruption Operates the BCCI Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU) to combat corruption in Indian cricket Manages the ICC Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU) to combat corruption in international cricket
Decision-Making Governed by its elected office bearers and General Body Governed by the ICC Board of Directors, comprising representatives from member countries
Women’s Cricket Conducts women’s domestic and international cricket in India Oversees and promotes women’s cricket globally
Broadcast Rights Has significant control over domestic and international broadcasting rights for cricket in India Negotiates broadcasting deals for ICC events globally
Conflict Resolution Handles disputes and conflicts within Indian cricket Resolves disputes and conflicts between member boards and players at an international level

FAQ's about ICC

Q: Where is the ICC located?

A: The ICC’s headquarters are in The Hague, Netherlands. The Court holds hearings in The Hague, but can also hold hearings and investigations in various locations around the world.

Q: Who can be prosecuted by the ICC?

A: The ICC has jurisdiction over individuals, not nations or organizations. Any person who commits an offense within the territory of a State Party to the Rome Statute or is committed by a national of the State Party may be prosecuted. It can also investigate and prosecute cases referred by the UN Security Council. .  

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